Up and Down!


The table below lists clubs with a high number of promotions and relegations to and from their national first division. In general, any team with at least 15 such moves (either promotion or relegation) as well as national "champions" or near champions in this competition of "yoyo teams", "Fahrstuhlmannschaften" and "Heen-en-Weers" are listed, together with the corresponding years.

"Foun" in the list of promotion years indicates that the club was a founder member of the country's national first division.

Norway's SK Brann of Bergen "enjoyed" eight consecutive years of relegation/promotion between 1979 (relegated) and 1986 (promoted). Their series was "bettered" by Aris of Lemesos in Cyprus from 1996/97 (relegated) to 2005/06 (promoted) - a series of ten consecutive moves between top flight and second level. After remaining at the top level in 2006/07 (by finishing an incredible seven points above the drop zone) Aris immediately started a new series: they exchanged the top two divisions in each of the seven seasons from 2007/08 to 2013/14 and thus have done so in seventeen of the last eighteen seasons.

In Spain, Deportivo La Coruña had seven such seasons from 1961/62 (promoted) to 1967/68 (promoted). A decade later, Hong Kong FC repeated this performance in Hongkong, from 1972/73 (promoted) to 1978/79 (promoted). In the Republic of Ireland, Drogheda United also had a series of seven consecutive ups and downs, from 1993/94 (relegated) to 1999/2000 (relegated).


Albania

Since 1930; includes seasons played in groups.

Besëlidhja (Lezhë) [24 moves]
up:   12: 1936, 1949, 1951, 1970, 1972, 1978, 1980, 1984, 1987, 1993, 2000, 2007
down: 12: 1937, 1950, 1952, 1971, 1975, 1979, 1983, 1986, 1990, 1996, 2003, 2008
              
Luftëtari Gjirokastër (Shqiponja) [22 moves]
up:   11: WWII, 1950, 1954, 1963, 1966, 1975, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2006, 2012
down: 11: 1948, 1952, 1955, 1964, 1974, 1988, 1991, 1998, 2002, 2007, 2013
       
Tomori (Berat) [22 moves]
up:   11: 1930, 1936, 1950, 1954, 1959, 1962, 1970, 1977, 1989, 1994, 2011
down: 11: 1931, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1961, 1968, 1972, 1988, 1993, 2002, 2013

SK Lushnja (Traktori) [20 moves]
up:   10: 1947, 1951, 1960, 1980, 1982, 1988, 1990, 1996, 2008, 2013 
down: 10: 1948, 1952, 1979, 1981, 1987, 1989, 1994, 2006, 2009, 2014

Skënderbeu (Korçë) [18 moves]
up:    9: Foun, 1976, 1979, 1982, 1986, 1990, 1995, 2005, 2007, 2009
down:  9: 1975, 1978, 1981, 1985, 1989, 1992, 2001, 2006, 2008

Apolonia (Fier) [17 moves]
up:    9: WWII, 1967, 1972, 1979, 1985, 2006, 2008, 2011, 2014
down:  8: 1952, 1971, 1973, 1980, 2003, 2007, 2010, 2013
NB: did not play in 1947 season by decision of Central Committee of 
    Albanian Communist Party; this is not counted as relegation 

Besa (Kavajë) [16 moves]
up:    8: 1932, 1953, 1978, 1986, 2000, 2002, 2005, 2012
down:  8: 1952, 1977, 1985, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2011, 2014
NB: did not play in 1947 season by decision of Central Committee of 
    Albanian Communist Party; this is not counted as relegation 

Pogradeci (Ylli i Kuq) [14 moves]
up:    7: 1935, 1949, 1951, 1964, 1967, 1991, 2011
down:  7: 1937, 1950, 1953, 1965, 1968, 1993, 2012

Elbasani [12 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1933, 1953, 1958, 2002, 2010, 2014
down:  6: 1932, 1952, 1955, 2000, 2009, 2011

Naftëtari (Kuçovë (Qyteti Stalin)) [10 moves]
up:    5: 1945, 1950, 1968, 1973, 1978
down:  5: 1948, 1951, 1970, 1976, 1987
NB: did not play in 1947 season by decision of Central Committee of 
    Albanian Communist Party; this is not counted as relegation 

Argentina

Since 1895; no proper promotion or relegation until 1903.

Quilmes [22 moves]
up:   11: Insc, 1919, 1934, 1949, 1961, 1965, 1975, 1981, 1991, 2003, 2010, 2012
down: 11: 1916, 1933, 1937, 1951, 1962, 1970, 1980, 1982, 1992, 2007, 2011
       [Quilmes inscribed for the league in 1900]

Banfield [18 moves]
up:    9: 1912, 1919, 1939, 1946, 1962, 1973, 1987, 1993, 2001
down:  9: 1917, 1934, 1944, 1954, 1972, 1978, 1988, 1997, 2012

Ferro Carril Oeste [14 moves]
up:    7: 1912, 1919, 1948, 1958, 1963, 1970, 1978
down:  7: 1918, 1946, 1957, 1962, 1968, 1977, 2000

Lanús [13 moves]
up:    7: 1919, 1950, 1964, 1971, 1976, 1990, 1992
down:  6: 1949, 1961, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1991

Tigre [13 moves]
up:    7: 1912, 1934, 1945, 1953, 1967, 1979, 2007
down:  6: 1933, 1942, 1950, 1958, 1968, 1980

Austria

Since 1911.

Linzer ASK [14 moves]
up:    7: 1939, 1950, 1958, 1979, 1992, 1994, 2007
down:  7: 1941, 1955, 1978, 1989, 1993, 2001, 2011

SV Austria Salzburg/RB Salzburg [13 moves]
up:    7: 1953, 1959, 1962, 1965, 1967, 1978, 1989
down:  6: 1957, 1961, 1963, 1966, 1977, 1985

First Vienna FC [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1919, 1969, 1976, 1982, 1984, 1986
down:  7: 1914, 1968, 1974, 1980, 1983, 1985, 1992

1.Simmeringer SC [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1937, 1951, 1965, 1970, 1974, 1982
down:  7: 1928, 1938, 1964, 1966, 1972, 1975, 1983

Wiener AC [11 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1922, 1924, 1942, 1953, 1956
down:  6: 1921, 1923, 1936, 1948, 1954, 1965

Schwarz-Weiß Bregenz [10 moves]
up:    5: 1954, 1966, 1970, 1972, 1999
down:  5: 1955, 1969, 1971, 1973, 2005

WSV Donawitz/DSV Alpine [10 moves]
up:    5: 1958, 1968, 1971, 1984, 1990
down:  5: 1960, 1969, 1974, 1986, 1992

Kapfenberger SV [10 moves]
up:    5: 1951, 1954, 1961, 1963, 2008
down:  5: 1952, 1959, 1962, 1967, 2012

Belgium

Since 1895; organised promotion and relegation since 1905.

KV Mechelen [23 moves]
up:   12: 1921, 1924, 1926, 1928, 1963, 1965, 1971, 1981, 1983, 1999, 2002, 2007
down: 11: 1922, 1925, 1927, 1956, 1964, 1969, 1977, 1982, 1997, 2001, 2003
 
RWDM (Racing CB, Racing White) [19 moves]
up:    9: Foun, 1926, 1932, 1942, 1945, 1954, 1965, 1985, 1990, 2001
down: 10: 1925, 1930, 1934, 1943, 1952, 1955, 1984, 1989, 1998, 2002

Berchem Sport [14 moves]
up:    7: 1922, 1934, 1943, 1962, 1972, 1978, 1986
down:  7: 1933, 1936, 1960, 1966, 1976, 1981, 1987

Beringen [14 moves]
up:    7: 1950, 1952, 1955, 1958, 1962, 1972, 1983
down:  7: 1951, 1953, 1957, 1960, 1970, 1982, 1984

RC Mechelen [12 moves]
up:    6: 1910, 1914, 1925, 1948, 1975, 1988
down:  6: 1912, 1924, 1937, 1958, 1976, 1990

Tilleur [12 moves]
up:    6: 1925, 1928, 1933, 1939, 1948, 1964
down:  6: 1926, 1929, 1934, 1946, 1959, 1967

Racing Club Bruxelles [11 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1926, 1932, 1942, 1945, 1954
down:  6: 1925, 1930, 1934, 1943, 1952, 1955

Cercle Brugge [10 moves]
up:    5: 1898, 1938, 1961, 1971, 1979, 2003
down:  5: 1936, 1946, 1966, 1978, 1997
NB: Cercle Brugge first entered the championship in 1898/99.

Club Brugge [10 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1929, 1935, 1946, 1949, 1959
down:  5: 1928, 1933, 1939, 1947, 1951
NB: Club Brugge did not enter the championship in 1896/97 and 1897/98.

Racing Gent [10 moves]
up:    5: 1908, 1911, 1923, 1931, 1952
down:  5: 1909, 1922, 1930, 1935, 1953
NB: before organised promotion and relegation, Racing Gent also played at the top level 
    in the seasons 1898/99 and 1899/00.

Brazil

Since 1971; until 1980 no proper promotion, until 1987 no proper relegation,
and lots of messing about with formats in general.

Coritiba [8 moves]
up:    4:       1992, 1995, 2007, 2010
down:  4: 1989, 1993, 2005, 2009

Sport Recife [8 moves]
up:    4: 1980, 1990, 2006, 2011
down:  4: 1989, 2001, 2009, 2012

Vitória [8 moves]
up:    4:       1987, 1992, 2007, 2012
down:  4: 1982, 1991, 2004, 2010

Atlético-PR [7 moves]
up:    4: 1987, 1990, 1995, 2012
down:  3: 1989, 1993, 2011

Criciúma [7 moves]
up:    4: 1987, 1992, 2003, 2012
down:  3: 1988, 1997, 2004

Guarani [7 moves]
up:    4: 1981, 1987, 1991, 2009
down:  3:       1989, 2005, 2010

Santa Cruz [7 moves]
up:    3:       1992, 1999, 2005
down:  4: 1988, 1993, 2001, 2006

Fortaleza [6 moves]
up:    3: 1992, 2002, 2004
down:  3: 1993, 2003, 2006

Bulgaria

Since 1937.

Minyor Pernik [18 moves]
up:    9: 1950, 1966, 1972, 1979, 1984, 1987, 1990, 1996, 2008
down:  9: 1962, 1970, 1977, 1981, 1985, 1989, 1992, 2001, 2013

Spartak Varna [18 moves]
up:    9: 1949, 1953, 1965, 1968, 1975, 1982, 1992, 1995, 2006
down:  9: 1952, 1964, 1966, 1974, 1978, 1989, 1994, 2005, 2009

Cherno More Varna [15 moves]
up:    8: 1948, 1951, 1956, 1960, 1977, 1988, 1993, 2000
down:  7: 1949, 1955, 1959, 1976, 1986, 1990, 1994

Chile

Since 1934.

Rangers (Talca) [17 moves]
up:    9: 1952, 1977, 1981, 1988, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2007, 2011
down:  8: 1976, 1978, 1987, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2006, 2009

Santiago Wanderers [15 moves]
up:    8: 1936, 1943, 1978, 1982, 1989, 1995, 1999, 2009
down:  7: 1937, 1977, 1980, 1984, 1991, 1998, 2007

Deportes La Serena [14 moves]
up:    7: 1957, 1961, 1980, 1983, 1987, 1996, 2003
down:  7: 1959, 1976, 1982, 1984, 1995, 1999, 2012
 
Deportes Temuco (Green Cross) [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1938, 1960, 1963, 1982, 1991, 2001
down:  7: 1934, 1958, 1962, 1980, 1984, 1998, 2005

O'Higgins [11 moves]
up:    6: 1954, 1964, 1976, 1987, 1998, 2005
down:  5: 1963, 1975, 1985, 1996, 2001

Colombia

Since 1948.

Unión Magdalena (Samarios) (Santa Marta) [10 moves]
up:    5: 1950, 1955, 1958, 1962, 2001
down:  5: 1954, 1957, 1960, 1999, 2005

Real Cartagena [10 moves]
up:    5: 1970, 1991, 1999, 2004, 2008
down:  5: 1971, 1992, 2002, 2007, 2012
NB: participation in 1971 due to temporary acquisition of place of
    Atlético Bucaramanga; entry in 1992 by acquisition of place of
    Sporting Barranquilla

Atlético Bucaramanga [8 moves]
up:    4: 1948, 1955, 1971, 1995
down:  4: 1953, 1970, 1994, 2008
NB: sold place in 1971 season to Real Cartagena 

Cyprus

Since 1934.

Aris (Lemesos) [27 moves]
up:   13: Foun, 1954, 1956, 1972, 1982, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2009, 2011, 2013
down: 14: 1939, 1955, 1970, 1981, 1993, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014

AEP (APOP) (Paphos) [24 moves]
up:   12: 1966, 1971, 1973, 1977, 1981, 1985, 1992, 1996, 1999, 2006, 2008, 2012
down: 12: 1968, 1972, 1974, 1980, 1983, 1991, 1993, 1998, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2013

Evagoras (Paphos) [16 moves]
up:    8: 1968, 1972, 1981, 1984, 1989, 1991, 1995, 1997
down:  8: 1969, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1990, 1994, 1996, 1999

Alki (Larnaka) [16 moves]
up:    8: 1960, 1982, 1989, 1995, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2010
down:  8: 1981, 1988, 1992, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2009, 2014

APEP (Pitsilia) [12 moves]
up:    6: 1987, 1990, 1993, 1996, 2005, 2008
down:  6: 1988, 1991, 1994, 1997, 2006, 2010

Nea Salamina [11 moves]
up:    6: 1955, 1980, 2002, 2004, 2009, 2011
down:  5: 1979, 2001, 2003, 2008, 2010

Anagenissi (Dherinia) [10 moves]
up:    5: 1987, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2011
down:  5: 1988, 1998, 2000, 2004, 2012

Omonia (Aradippos) [10 moves]
up:    5: 1978, 1986, 1988, 1991, 1993
down:  5: 1985, 1987, 1989, 1992, 1996

NB: in 2000 APOP and Evagoras merged to form A.E. Paphos, taking over the
    place of APOP in the first division; the merger clubs remained at the
    top level for 5 seasons before resuming old habits.

Czechoslovakia

Since 1924.  From 1992 on Czech Republic (CR) and Slovakia (SR).

Viktoria Plzen (Skoda) [16+7 moves]
up:   12: 1931, 1946, 1961, 1967, 1970, 1972, 1986, 1988, 1993 [CR], 2000 [CR], 2003 [CR], 2005 [CR]
down: 11: 1938, 1952, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1980, 1987, 1989, 1999 [CR], 2001 [CR], 2004 [CR]

Bohemians [12+5 moves]
up:    8: Foun, 1946, 1953, 1958, 1966, 1969, 1973,      1996 [CR], 1999 [CR]
down:  9: 1935, 1951, 1954, 1965, 1968, 1970, 1995 [CR], 1997 [CR], 2003 [CR]
NB: Bohemians folded and neither of the two clubs claiming its heritage
    (Bohemians 1905 and Bohemians/Strízkov), both of whom meanwhile made
    it to the Czech top level, can reasonably be considered its successor
    (though Bohemians 1905 have the stronger case).

SK Hradec Kralové (Spartak) [13+4 moves]
up:    9: 1955, 1958, 1964, 1972, 1980, 1987, 1990     , 2001 [CR], 2010 [CR]
down:  8: 1957, 1963, 1966, 1973, 1981, 1989, 2000 [CR], 2003 [CR]

SK Zilina (ZVL) [12+3 moves]
up:    8: 1946, 1953, 1958, 1961, 1966, 1982, 1993 [SR], 1996 [SR]
down:  7: 1952, 1956, 1959, 1962, 1978, 1988, 1995 [SR]

Boby Brno (Zbrojovka) [13 moves]
up:    7: 1933, 1948, 1951, 1957, 1971, 1989, 1992
down:  6: 1947, 1949, 1952, 1967, 1983, 1991

Denmark

Since 1929. 
 
B 1909 [22 moves]
up:   11: 1940, 1948, 1950, 1954, 1967, 1970, 1974, 1976, 1981, 1983, 1992
down: 11: 1946, 1949, 1953, 1966, 1969, 1972, 1975, 1977, 1982, 1984, 1993
NB: due to World War II, B 1909's first promotion did not get
    effective until 1945.

Køge BK [14 moves] (now into HB Køge)
up:    7: 1939, 1957, 1960, 1965, 1970, 1979, 2002
down:  7: 1956, 1959, 1963, 1967, 1978, 1985, 2003

AGF [12 moves]
up:    6: 1930, 1953, 1971, 1976, 2007, 2011
down:  6: 1952, 1968, 1973, 2006, 2010, 2014

HB Køge (includes Herfølge BK) [12 moves]
up:    6: 1980, 1983, 1995, 2003, 2009, 2011
down:  6: 1981, 1990, 2001, 2005, 2010, 2012
NB: in 2009 Køge BK and Herfølge BK merged into HB Køge; the new club
    took newly promoted Herfølge BK's place at the first level

Viborg FF [12 moves]
up:    6: 1980, 1989, 1993, 1995, 1998, 2013
down:  6: 1981, 1990, 1994, 1997, 2008, 2014

B 93 [11 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1958, 1963, 1974, 1984, 1998
down:  6: 1954, 1959, 1965, 1983, 1985, 1999

Esbjerg fB [11 moves]
up:    6: 1932, 1949, 1974, 1999, 2001, 2012
down:  5: 1938, 1969, 1986, 2000, 2011

Randers FC (includes Randers Freja) [11 moves]
up:    6: 1969, 1985, 1987, 2004, 2006, 2012
down:  5: 1978, 1986, 1988, 2005, 2011

AaB [10 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1962, 1964, 1972, 1978, 1986
down:  5: 1947, 1963, 1971, 1977, 1980

Fremad Amager [10 moves]
up:    5: 1931, 1938, 1975, 1979, 1994
down:  5: 1935, 1948, 1976, 1980, 1995

OB [10 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1947, 1957, 1966, 1975, 1999
down:  5: 1933, 1955, 1962, 1968, 1998

Vejle B [10 moves] (now into Vejle Boldklub Kolding)
up:    5: 1956, 1995, 2001, 2006, 2008
down:  5: 1992, 2000, 2002, 2007, 2009

England

Since 1888. 

Birmingham City (Small Heath, Birmingham) [24 moves]
up:   12: 1894, 1901, 1903, 1921, 1948, 1955, 1972, 1980, 1985, 2002, 2007, 2009
down: 12: 1896, 1902, 1908, 1939, 1950, 1965, 1979, 1984, 1986, 2006, 2008, 2011

Leicester City (Leicester Fosse) [23 moves]
up:   12: 1908, 1925, 1937, 1954, 1957, 1971, 1980, 1983, 1994, 1996, 2003, 2014
down: 11: 1909, 1935, 1939, 1955, 1969, 1978, 1981, 1987, 1995, 2002, 2004

Manchester City (Ardwick) [21 moves]
up:   11: 1899, 1903, 1910, 1928, 1947, 1951, 1966, 1985, 1989, 2000, 2002
down: 10: 1902, 1909, 1926, 1938, 1950, 1963, 1983, 1987, 1996, 2001

Bolton Wanderers [19 moves]
up:    9: Foun, 1900, 1905, 1909, 1911, 1935, 1978, 1995, 1997, 2001
down: 10: 1899, 1903, 1908, 1910, 1933, 1964, 1980, 1996, 1998, 2012

Sheffield Wednesday (The Wednesday) [18 moves]
up:    9: 1892, 1900, 1926, 1950, 1952, 1956, 1959, 1984, 1991
down:  9: 1899, 1920, 1937, 1951, 1955, 1958, 1970, 1990, 2000

West Bromwich Albion [18 moves]
up:    9: Foun, 1902, 1911, 1931, 1949, 1976, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2010
down:  9: 1901, 1904, 1927, 1938, 1973, 1986, 2003, 2006, 2009

Sunderland [17 moves]
up:    9: 1890, 1964, 1976, 1980, 1990, 1996, 1999, 2005, 2007
down:  8: 1958, 1970, 1977, 1985, 1991, 1997, 2003, 2006

Middlesbrough [16 moves]
up:    8: 1902, 1927, 1929, 1974, 1988, 1992, 1995, 1998
down:  8: 1924, 1928, 1954, 1982, 1989, 1993, 1997, 2009

Derby County [15 moves]
up:    7: Foun, 1912, 1915, 1926, 1969, 1987, 1996, 2007
down:  8: 1907, 1914, 1921, 1953, 1980, 1991, 2002, 2008

Sheffield United [14 moves]
up:    7: 1893, 1939, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1990, 2006
down:  7: 1934, 1949, 1956, 1968, 1976, 1994, 2007

Nottingham Forest [14 moves]
up:    7: 1892, 1907, 1922, 1957, 1977, 1994, 1998
down:  7: 1906, 1911, 1925, 1972, 1993, 1997, 1999

Chelsea [13 moves]
up:    7: 1907, 1912, 1930, 1963, 1977, 1984, 1989
down:  6: 1910, 1924, 1962, 1975, 1979, 1988

Crystal Palace [13 moves]
up:    7: 1969, 1979, 1989, 1994, 1997, 2004, 2013
down:  6: 1973, 1981, 1993, 1995, 1998, 2005

West Ham United [13 moves]
up:    7: 1923, 1958, 1981, 1991, 1993, 2005, 2012
down:  6: 1932, 1978, 1989, 1992, 2003, 2011

Wolverhampton Wanderers [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1932, 1967, 1977, 1983, 2003, 2009
down:  7: 1906, 1965, 1976, 1982, 1984, 2004, 2012

Burnley [12 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1898, 1913, 1947, 1973, 2009, 2014
down:  6: 1897, 1900, 1930, 1971, 1976, 2010

Leeds United [12 moves]
up:    6: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1956, 1964, 1990
down:  6: 1927, 1931, 1947, 1960, 1982, 2004

Norwich City [12 moves]
up:    6: 1972, 1975, 1982, 1986, 2004, 2011
down:  6: 1974, 1981, 1985, 1995, 2005, 2014

Stoke City (Stoke) [12 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1891, 1922, 1933, 1963, 1979, 2008
down:  6: 1890, 1907, 1923, 1953, 1977, 1985

Manchester United (Newton Heath) [11 moves]
up:    6: 1892, 1906, 1925, 1936, 1938, 1975
down:  5: 1894, 1922, 1931, 1937, 1974

Newcastle United [11 moves]
up:    6: 1898, 1948, 1965, 1984, 1993, 2010
down:  5: 1934, 1961, 1978, 1989, 2009

Notts County [11 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1897, 1914, 1923, 1981, 1991
down:  6: 1893, 1913, 1920, 1926, 1984, 1992

Preston North End [11 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1904, 1913, 1915, 1934, 1951
down:  6: 1901, 1912, 1914, 1925, 1949, 1961

Finland

Since 1930.

Vaasan PS [18 moves]
up:    9: Foun, 1934, 1937, 1954, 1961, 1964, 1970, 1974, 1994, 2005
down:  9: 1933, 1936, 1953, 1958, 1962, 1968, 1972, 1977, 2002

FC Oulu (OTP) [16 moves]
up:    8: 1965, 1970, 1972, 1976, 1979, 1984, 1987, 1993
down:  8: 1966, 1971, 1975, 1978, 1980, 1986, 1992, 1994

United (IKissat, Ilves) Tampere [14 moves]
up:    7: 1948, 1955, 1963, 1968, 1972, 1978, 1999
down:  7: 1951, 1958, 1967, 1971, 1974, 1996, 2010

Jaro (Drott) Pietarsaari [11 moves]
up:    6: 1935, 1944, 1959, 1988, 1990, 2001
down:  5: 1936, 1946, 1960, 1989, 1998

KuPS Kuopio [11 moves]
up:    6: 1947, 1948, 1993, 2000, 2004, 2007
down:  5: 1948, 1992, 1994, 2003, 2006

RoPS Rovaniemi [11 moves]
up:    6: 1980, 1982, 2003, 2007, 2010, 2012
down:  5: 1981, 2001, 2005, 2009, 2011

KooTeePee (KTP) Kotka [10 moves]
up:    5: 1947, 1962, 1978, 1998, 2002
down:  5: 1958, 1969, 1983, 2000, 2008

Koparit (KPT) Kuopio [10 moves]
up:    5: 1937, 1943, 1953, 1971, 1977
down:  5: 1939, 1946, 1954, 1976, 1987

VIFK Vaasa [10 moves]
up:    5: 1934, 1936, 1943, 1957, 1962
down:  5: 1935, 1937, 1956, 1961, 1963

France

Since 1932.  (NB: the season 1932/33, the first with a professional
national league championship in France, was played in two groups of 
10 but is included here although only from 1933/34 on a championship 
in one national group was played.)

RC Strasbourg [20 moves]
up:   10: 1934, 1953, 1958, 1961, 1972, 1977, 1988, 1992, 2002, 2007
down: 10: 1952, 1957, 1960, 1971, 1976, 1986, 1989, 2001, 2006, 2008

Stade Rennais [16 moves]
up:    8: Foun, 1945, 1956, 1958, 1976, 1983, 1985, 1990, 1994
down:  8: 1937, 1953, 1957, 1975, 1977, 1984, 1987, 1992

Valenciennes FC [16 moves]
up:    8: 1935, 1937, 1956, 1962, 1972, 1975, 1992, 2006
down:  8: 1936, 1938, 1961, 1971, 1973, 1982, 1993, 2014

Le Havre AC [14 moves]
up:    7: 1938, 1950, 1959, 1985, 1991, 2002, 2008
down:  7: 1947, 1954, 1962, 1988, 2000, 2003, 2009

FC Metz [14 moves]
up:    7: Foun, 1935, 1951, 1961, 1967, 2003, 2007, 2014
down:  7: 1933, 1950, 1958, 1962, 2002, 2006, 2008

Montpellier HSC (SO Montpellier) [14 moves]
up:    7: Foun, 1946, 1952, 1961, 1982, 1987, 2001, 2009
down:  7: 1935, 1950, 1953, 1963, 1983, 2000, 2004

RC Lens [13 moves]
up:    7: 1937, 1949, 1973, 1979, 1991, 2009, 2014
down:  6: 1947, 1968, 1978, 1989, 2008, 2011

FC Sochaux-Montbéliard [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1947, 1961, 1964, 1988, 1998, 2001
down:  7: 1946, 1960, 1962, 1987, 1995, 1999, 2014

Lille OSC (Olympique Lillois) [12 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1957, 1964, 1971, 1974, 1978, 2000
down:  6: 1956, 1959, 1968, 1972, 1977, 1997

AS Nancy-Lorraine [12 moves] 
up:    6: 1970, 1975, 1990, 1996, 1998, 2005
down:  5: 1974, 1987, 1992, 1997, 2000, 2013
NB: no connection with FC Nancy (6 moves 1946-1963)

OGC Nice [12 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1948, 1965, 1970, 1985, 1994, 2002
down:  6: 1934, 1964, 1969, 1982, 1991, 1997

AS/ES Troyes [12 moves]
up:    6: 1954, 1960, 1973, 1999, 2005, 2012
down:  6: 1956, 1961, 1978, 2003, 2007, 2013

SM Caen [11 moves]
up:    6: 1988, 1996, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2014
down:  5: 1995, 1997, 2005, 2009, 2012

Red Star [11 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1934, 1939, 1965, 1967, 1974
down:  6: 1933, 1938, 1948, 1966, 1973, 1975
NB: "promotion" 1967 by merger with (absorption of) Toulouse FC.

SCO Angers [10 moves]
up:    5: 1956, 1969, 1976, 1978, 1993
down:  5: 1968, 1975, 1977, 1981, 1995

NB: the current Toulouse FC (7 moves 1982-2003) has no connection with the
    Toulouse FC absorbed by Red Star in 1967 (3 moves 1946-1967)

Germany (GDR - East Germany)

Since 1949.  From 1991 on united Germany (FRG).

Hansa Rostock [11+5 moves]
up:    8: 1952, 1957, 1976, 1978, 1980, 1987,       1995 [FRG], 2007 [FRG]
down:  8: 1956, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1986, 1992 [FRG], 2005 [FRG], 2008 [FRG]

Union Berlin [12 moves]
up:    6: 1950, 1966, 1970, 1976, 1982, 1986
down:  6: 1953, 1969, 1973, 1980, 1984, 1989

Germany (FRG - (West) Germany)

Since 1963.

1.FC Nürnberg [15 moves]
up:    7: Foun, 1978, 1980, 1985, 1998, 2001, 2004, 2009
down:  8: 1969, 1979, 1984, 1994, 1999, 2003, 2008, 2014

DSC Arminia Bielefeld [14 moves]
up:    7: 1970, 1978, 1980, 1996, 1999, 2002, 2004
down:  7: 1972, 1979, 1985, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2009

VfL Bochum [12 moves]
up:    6: 1971, 1994, 1996, 2000, 2002, 2006
down:  6: 1993, 1995, 1999, 2001, 2005, 2010

Hertha BSC [12 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1968, 1982, 1990, 1997, 2011, 2013
down:  6: 1965, 1980, 1983, 1991, 2010, 2012

Karlsruher SC [11 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1975, 1980, 1984, 1987, 2007
down:  6: 1968, 1977, 1983, 1985, 1998, 2009

MSV Duisburg (Meidericher SV) [11 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1991, 1993, 1996, 2005, 2007
down:  6: 1982, 1992, 1995, 2000, 2006, 2008

1.FC Köln [10 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2014
down:  5: 1998, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2012

FC Sankt Pauli [10 moves]
up:    5: 1977, 1988, 1995, 2001, 2010
down:  5: 1978, 1991, 1997, 2002, 2011

KFC Uerdingen (Bayer Uerdingen) [10 moves]
up:    5: 1975, 1979, 1983, 1992, 1994
down:  5: 1976, 1981, 1991, 1993, 1996
     
Fortuna Düsseldorf [9 moves]
up:    5: 1966, 1971, 1989, 1995, 2012
down:  4: 1967, 1987, 1992, 1997

Hannover 96 [9 moves]
up:    5: 1965, 1975, 1985, 1987, 2002
down:  4: 1974, 1976, 1986, 1989

Eintracht Frankfurt [8 moves]
up:    4: Foun, 1998, 2003, 2005, 2012
down:  4: 1997, 2001, 2004, 2011

Offenbacher FC Kickers [8 moves]
up:    4: 1968, 1970, 1972, 1983
down:  4: 1969, 1971, 1976, 1984

Ghana

Since 1958; no promotion or relegation until 1961.

All Blacks (Swedru) [10 moves]
up:    5: 1961, 1969, 1973, 1997, 2005
down:  5: 1963, 1971, 1978, 1999, 2009

Mysterious Dwarfs (Cape Coast) [10 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1985, 1987, 1992, 2004, 2010
down:  5: 1981, 1986, 1990, 2000, 2005

Standfast (Accra) [10 moves]
up:    5: 1961, 1966, 1975, 1981, 1986
down:  5: 1963, 1968, 1976, 1983, 1989

Venomonous Vipers (Cape Coast) [9 moves]
up:    4: Foun, 1970, 1983, 1985, 1989
down:  5: 1969, 1972, 1984, 1987, 1990

Greece

Since 1959.

Panahaïki [16 moves]
up:    8: 1969, 1971, 1982, 1984, 1987, 1990, 1995, 1999
down:  8: 1970, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1994, 1998, 2003

Panserraïkos [16 moves]
up:    8: 1965, 1972, 1980, 1985, 1987, 1989, 2008, 2010
down:  8: 1971, 1979, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1992, 2009, 2011

PAS Giannina [13 moves]
up:    7: 1974, 1985, 1990, 2000, 2002, 2009, 2011
down:  6: 1984, 1987, 1991, 2001, 2003, 2010

Veria [13 moves]
up:    7: 1966, 1970, 1977, 1986, 1996, 2007, 2012
down:  6: 1969, 1972, 1978, 1988, 1999, 2008

Apollon [11 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1970, 1973, 1975, 1988, 2013 
down:  6: 1969, 1972, 1974, 1987, 2000, 2014

Aigaleo [10 moves]
up:    5: 1961, 1965, 1977, 1983, 2001 
down:  5: 1964, 1975, 1979, 1985, 2007

Kavala [10 moves]
up:    5: 1969, 1976, 1994, 1996, 2009
down:  5: 1975, 1982, 1995, 2000, 2011

Olympiakos Volos [10 moves]
up:    5: 1967, 1969, 1971, 1988, 2010
down:  5: 1968, 1970, 1975, 1990, 2011

Hongkong

Since 1945.

Hong Kong FC [28 moves]
up:   14: 1947, 1966, 1969, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1986, 1988, 1993, 1995, 2001, 2006, 2010
down: 14: 1958, 1967, 1971, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1981, 1987, 1992, 1994, 1996, 2003, 2007, 2011

Police [14 moves]
up:    7: 1947, 1975, 1978, 1980, 1986, 1988, 1991
down:  7: 1974, 1976, 1979, 1981, 1987, 1990, 1992

Hungary

Since 1901.

Haladás (Szombathely) [26 moves]
up:   14: 1936, 1939, 1942, 1945, 1962, 1966, 1973, 1981, 1991, 1993, 1995, 2001, 2003, 2008
down: 12: 1937, 1941, 1943, 1960, 1963, 1972, 1979, 1990, 1992, 1994, 2000, 2002, 2004/06
NB: includes relegation 'within' the two-stage 2000/01 season;
    Haladás merged in summer 2004 with Pápa who took over their top level place,
    the Szombathely team continuing at the 2nd level; Pápa were relegated in 2006,
    while Haladás returned in 2008 

Szeged LC (Szeged SC, SZEOL AK) [22 moves]
up:   11: 1950, 1956, 1959, 1966, 1970, 1972, 1975, 1981, 1983, 1990, 1999
down: 11: 1954, 1958, 1965, 1968, 1971, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1991, 2000

Diosgyõri VTK (Miskolc) [21 moves]
up:   11: 1940, 1950, 1953, 1957, 1963, 1966, 1974, 1991, 1997, 2004, 2011
down: 10: 1944, 1952, 1955, 1961, 1965, 1973, 1984, 1993, 2000, 2010

Iceland

Since 1912; no proper promotion or relegation until 1955.

Þróttur (Reykjavík) [21 moves]
up:   10: 1952, 1958, 1963, 1965, 1975, 1977, 1982, 1997, 2002, 2004, 2007
down: 11: 1955, 1959, 1964, 1966, 1976, 1980, 1985, 1998, 2003, 2005, 2009

Víkingur (Reykjavík) [18 moves]
up:    9: 1918, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1987, 1998, 2003, 2005, 2010, 2013
down:  9: 1956, 1970, 1972, 1985, 1993, 1999, 2004, 2007, 2011

Breiðablik (Kópavogur) (UBK) [15 moves]
up:    8: 1970, 1975, 1979, 1985, 1990, 1993, 1998, 2005
down:  7: 1973, 1978, 1984, 1986, 1992, 1996, 2001

Þor (Akureyri) [14 moves]
up:    7: 1976, 1980, 1982, 1991, 2001, 2010, 2012
down:  7: 1977, 1981, 1990, 1994, 2002, 2011, 2014

KA (Akureyri) [10 moves]
up:    5: 1977, 1980, 1983, 1986, 2001
down:  5: 1979, 1982, 1984, 1992, 2004

NB: the two Akureyri clubs Þor and KA were twice promoted together to the top
    level (1980, 2001) but never relegated together out of it; in 1977 and 1982
    they went opposite directions; the two clubs also celebrated simultaneous
    promotion from the third to the second level in 1975; until 1974, the two 
    had combined to form ÍBA (Akureyri), a club which was promoted to the top
    level on 4 occasions (and relegated as often) between 1955 and 1974

Ireland

Since 1921; no proper promotion or relegation until 1985.

Drogheda United [13 moves]
up:    7: 1963, 1989, 1991, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2002
down:  6: 1985, 1990, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000

Bray Wanderers [11 moves]
up:    6: 1986, 1991, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2004
down:  5: 1988, 1993, 1997, 1999, 2003
NB: Bray Wanderers escaped relegation in 2009 thanks to the demotion
    of both Cork City and Derry City

Sligo Rovers [11 moves]
up:    6: 1934, 1963, 1986, 1990, 1994, 2005
down:  5: 1962, 1985, 1988, 1993, 2000
NB: Sligo Rovers did not play at the top level from 1940/41 to 1947/48 (due to
    World War II); they were not re-elected in 1962 (along with Transport) but
    returned after one season

Waterford United (Waterford) [10 moves]
up:    5: 1930, 1990, 1992, 1998, 2003
down:  5: 1989, 1991, 1993, 2000, 2007
NB: Waterford United did not play at the top level in 1932/33 and 1933/34, and
    from 1941/42 to 1944/45 (due to World War II)

Athlone Town [9 moves]
up:    5: 1922, 1969, 1988, 1994, 2013
down:  4: 1928, 1987, 1992, 1996,

University College Dublin [9 moves]
up:    5: 1979, 1989, 1995, 2004, 2009
down:  4: 1986, 1990, 2003, 2008

Israel

Since 1949.

Hapoel Kfar-Saba [18 moves]
up:    9: 1952, 1957, 1968, 1978, 1984, 1993, 1995, 2002, 2005
down:  9: 1956, 1959, 1977, 1983, 1991, 1994, 2000, 2003, 2008

Beitar Tel-Aviv [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1964, 1969, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1994
down:  7: 1961, 1966, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1993, 1996

Hapoel Ramat-Gan [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1963, 1980, 1982, 1989, 2009, 2012
down:  7: 1960, 1969, 1981, 1983, 1990, 2011, 2013

Hakoah Maccabi Ramat-Gan [12 moves]
up:    6: 1959, 1962, 1979, 1983, 2006, 2008
down:  6: 1960, 1978, 1980, 1985, 2007, 2009

Bnei-Yehuda Tel-Aviv [10 moves]
up:    5: 1959, 1973, 1978, 1985, 2002
down:  5: 1972, 1976, 1984, 2001, 2014

Hapoel Jerusalem [10 moves]
up:    5: 1957, 1980, 1985, 1988, 1996
down:  5: 1979, 1983, 1986, 1992, 2000

Hapoel Tsafririm Holon [10 moves]
up:    5: 1970, 1987, 1990, 1998, 2000
down:  5: 1971, 1989, 1997, 1999, 2001

Maccabi Petah-Tikva [10 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1969, 1972, 1978, 1991, 2013
down:  5: 1966, 1971, 1977, 1988, 2012

Beitar Jerusalem [9 moves]
up:    5: 1954, 1959, 1968, 1981, 1992
down:  4: 1955, 1960, 1980, 1991

Hapoel Hadera [8 moves]
up:    4: 1954, 1970, 1973, 1977 
down:  4: 1955, 1972, 1976, 1979

Maccabi Jaffa [8 moves]
up:    4: 1955, 1971, 1995, 1998
down:  4: 1970, 1987, 1996, 1999

Italy

Since 1929.

Atalanta [23 moves]
up:   12: 1937, 1940, 1959, 1971, 1977, 1985, 1988, 1995, 2000, 2004, 2006, 2011
down: 11: 1938, 1958, 1969, 1973, 1979, 1987, 1994, 1998, 2003, 2005, 2010
             
Brescia [23 moves]
up:   11: Foun, 1933, 1946, 1965, 1969, 1980, 1986, 1992, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2010
down: 12: 1932, 1936, 1947, 1968, 1970, 1981, 1987, 1993, 1995, 1998, 2005, 2011

Bari [22 moves]
up:   11: 1931, 1935, 1942, 1958, 1963, 1969, 1985, 1989, 1994, 1997, 2009
down: 10: 1933, 1941, 1950, 1961, 1964, 1970, 1986, 1992, 1996, 2001, 2011

(Città di) Palermo [17 moves]
up:    9: 1932, 1948, 1956, 1959, 1961, 1968, 1972, 2004, 2014
down:  8: 1936, 1954, 1957, 1960, 1963, 1970, 1973, 2013
NB: formally, Città di Palermo are a new club founded in 1987 after Palermo had
    been refused a license for the Serie B in 1986.

Genoa 1893 [16 moves]
up:    8: Foun, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1976, 1981, 1989, 2007
down:  8: 1934, 1951, 1960, 1965, 1974, 1978, 1984, 1995

Lecce [16 moves]
up:    8: 1985, 1988, 1993, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2008, 2010
down:  8: 1986, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2009, 2012

Hellas Verona [15 moves]
up:    8: 1957, 1968, 1975, 1982, 1991, 1996, 1999, 2013
down:  7: 1958, 1974, 1979, 1990, 1992, 1997, 2002

Livorno [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1933, 1937, 1940, 2004, 2009, 2013
down:  6: 1931, 1935, 1939, 1949, 2008, 2010, 2014

Napoli [12 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1945, 1950, 1962, 1965, 2000, 2007
down:  6: 1942, 1948, 1961, 1963, 1998, 2001

Torino [12 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1960, 1990, 1999, 2001, 2005, 2012
down:  6: 1959, 1989, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2009

Venezia [12 moves]
up:    6: 1939, 1949, 1961, 1966, 1998, 2001
down:  6: 1947, 1950, 1963, 1967, 2000, 2002

Modena [11 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1938, 1941, 1943, 1962, 2002
down:  6: 1932, 1940, 1942, 1949, 1964, 2004

Udinese [11 moves]
up:    6: 1950, 1956, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1995
down:  5: 1955, 1962, 1987, 1990, 1994

Ascoli [10 moves]
up:    5: 1974, 1978, 1986, 1991, 2005
down   5: 1976, 1985, 1990, 1992, 2007

Como [10 moves]
up:    5: 1949, 1975, 1980, 1984, 2002
down:  5: 1953, 1976, 1982, 1989, 2003

Foggia [10 moves]
up:    5: 1964, 1970, 1973, 1976, 1991
down:  5: 1967, 1971, 1974, 1978, 1995

Lazio [10 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1963, 1969, 1972, 1983, 1988
down:  5: 1961, 1967, 1971, 1980, 1985

(Delfino) Pescara [10 moves]
up:    5: 1977, 1979, 1987, 1992, 2012
down:  5: 1978, 1980, 1989, 1993, 2013

Pisa [10 moves]
up:    5: 1968, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1990
down:  5: 1969, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1991

Vicenza [10 moves]
up:    5: 1942, 1955, 1977, 1995, 2000
down:  5: 1948, 1975, 1979, 1999, 2001

Japan

Since 1965; the 1992 moves (marked *) were due to the formation of a new professional
league and were determined by election rather than league position.

Kashiwa Reysol (Hitachi) [8 moves]
up:    4: Foun, 1989, 1991,  1994, 2010
down:  4: 1987, 1990, 1992*, 2009

NKK (Nippon Kokan) [6 moves]
up:    3: 1966, 1981, 1983
down:  3: 1979, 1982, 1991

Jubilo Iwata (Yamaha) [5 moves]
up:    3: 1979, 1982, 1993
down:  2: 1981, 1992*
 
Kashima Antlers (Sumitomo) [5 moves]
up:    3: 1984, 1987, 1992*
down:  2: 1986, 1989
 
Nagoya Grampus Eight (Toyota) [5 moves]
up:    3: 1972, 1987, 1990
down:  2: 1977, 1988

Luxembourg

Since 1910.

CS Pétange [22 moves]
up:   11: 1913, 1917, 1945, 1948, 1965, 1986, 1988, 1993, 1997, 2004, 2009
down: 11: 1914, 1918, 1947, 1949, 1968, 1987, 1989, 1996, 1999, 2008, 2013

Stade Dudelange [22 moves]
up:   11: 1915, 1919, 1927, 1930, 1932, 1936, 1969, 1973, 1975, 1979, 1982
down: 11: 1916, 1926, 1929, 1931, 1933, 1968, 1971, 1974, 1978, 1981, 1986

Fola Esch [19 moves]
up:   10: 1915, 1935, 1945, 1951, 1959, 1968, 1972, 1989, 1992, 2008
down:  9: 1934, 1939, 1950, 1958, 1963, 1969, 1976, 1991, 1994

F'91 Dudelange (Alliance) [17 moves]
up:    9: 1952, 1954, 1961, 1970, 1974, 1980, 1984, 1989, 1992
down:  8: 1953, 1960, 1966, 1972, 1979, 1983, 1988, 1990
NB: after the merger of Stade, Alliance, and US Dudelange, F'91 Dudelange took over 
    Alliance's place in the second division.

Progres Niedercorn [17 moves]
up:    9: 1926, 1928, 1936, 1963, 1967, 1974, 1990, 2001, 2006
down:  8: 1927, 1935, 1960, 1964, 1972, 1989, 1991, 2003
                  
Aris Bonnevoie [16 moves]
up:    8: 1926, 1931, 1934, 1959, 1978, 1987, 1989, 1998
down:  7: 1927, 1932, 1937, 1977, 1986, 1988, 1997, 2000

FC Rodange (Chiers) [16 moves]
up:    8: 1938, 1950, 1955, 1957, 1960, 1975, 1995, 2000
down:  8: 1947, 1951, 1956, 1959, 1961, 1980, 1997, 2001
 
US Dudelange [14 moves]
up:    7: 1924, 1929, 1931, 1933, 1953, 1957, 1961
down:  7: 1925, 1930, 1932, 1951, 1954, 1958, 1970

Malta

Since 1909; no proper promotion or relegation until 1946.
  
Birkirkara United (now Birkirkara) [21 moves]
up:   11: 1949, 1952, 1961, 1965, 1968, 1971, 1977, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1990
down: 10: 1950, 1960, 1963, 1966, 1969, 1976, 1981, 1984, 1986, 1989
     
Saint Georges [19 moves]
up:    9: 1945, 1954, 1957, 1959, 1966, 1972, 1974, 1992, 1994, 2006
down: 10: 1953, 1955, 1958, 1964, 1969, 1973, 1980, 1993, 1995, 2007

Rabat Ajax [16 moves]
up:    8: 1951, 1962, 1982, 1988, 1990, 1995, 1998, 2012
down:  8: 1959, 1965, 1987, 1989, 1994, 1997, 2001, 2014

Mexico

Since 1943.

Zacatepec [10 moves]
up:    5: 1951, 1963, 1970, 1978, 1984
down:  5: 1962, 1966, 1977, 1983, 1985

Netherlands

Since 1956.

FC Volendam [18 moves]
up:    9: 1959, 1961, 1967, 1970, 1977, 1983, 1987, 2003, 2008
down:  9: 1960, 1964, 1969, 1972, 1979, 1985, 1998, 2004, 2009
 
Excelsior [15 moves]
up:    8: 1970, 1974, 1979, 1982, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014
down:  7: 1973, 1976, 1981, 1987, 2003, 2008, 2012

De Graafschap [14 moves]
up:    7: 1973, 1981, 1991, 1995, 2004, 2007, 2010
down:  7: 1977, 1982, 1992, 2003, 2005, 2009, 2012

FC Den Bosch (BVV) [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1971, 1983, 1992, 1999, 2001, 2004
down:  7: 1958, 1973, 1990, 1993, 2000, 2002, 2005

VVV-Venlo (VVV, FC VVV) [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1976, 1985, 1991, 1993, 2007, 2009
down:  7: 1962, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1994, 2008, 2013

Willem II [12 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1958, 1965, 1979, 1987, 2012, 2014
down:  6: 1957, 1963, 1967, 1984, 2011, 2013

NEC [10 moves]
up:    5: 1967, 1975, 1985, 1989, 1994
down:  5: 1974, 1983, 1986, 1991, 2014

ADO Den Haag (ADO, FC Den Haag) [9 moves]
up:    5: 1957, 1986, 1989, 2003, 2008
down:  4: 1982, 1988, 1992, 2007

AZ (Alkmaar, AZ '67) [9 moves]
up:    5: 1960, 1968, 1972, 1996, 1998
down:  4: 1961, 1971, 1988, 1997

FC Dordrecht (DFC, DS '79, Dordrecht '90) [9 moves]
up:    5: 1983, 1987, 1991, 1994, 2014
down:  4: 1984, 1988, 1993, 1995
NB: "promotion" 1991 by merger with SVV.

MVV [9 moves]
up:    4: Foun, 1978, 1984, 1988, 1997
down:  5: 1976, 1982, 1986, 1995, 2000

FC Groningen (GVAV) [8 moves]
up:    4: Foun, 1960, 1971, 1980, 2000
down:  4: 1958, 1970, 1974, 1998
     
Haarlem [8 moves]
up:    4: 1969, 1972, 1976, 1981
down:  4: 1971, 1975, 1980, 1990

NAC Breda (NAC) [8 moves]
up:    4: Foun, 1966, 1984, 1993, 2000
down:  4: 1965, 1983, 1985, 1999

Northern Ireland

Since 1890; for a long time, there was no institutionalised relegation.

Ards [6 moves]
up:    3: 1923, 2001, 2013
down:  3: 1998, 2006, 2014

Omagh Town [6 moves]
up:    3: 1990, 1997, 2000
down:  3: 1995, 1999, 2005

Ballymena (United) [5 moves]
up:    3: 1928, 1997, 2003
down:  2: 1995, 2001

(Lisburn) Distillery [5 moves]
up:    2: Foun, 1999, 2002
down:  3: 1995, 2000, 2013

Larne [5 moves]
up:    3: 1923, 1972, 2003
down:  2: WWII, 1995, 2008

Newry Town/City [5 moves]
up:    3: 1923, 1983, 1998
down:  2: WWII, 1995, 2011

NB: Larne and Newry Town did not reappear in the league after World War II but were
      not relegated at the end of the 1939/40 season.

Norway

Since 1962.

Hamarkameratene [16 moves]
up:    8: 1969, 1975, 1978, 1980, 1985, 1991, 2003, 2007
down:  8: 1974, 1977, 1979, 1983, 1987, 1995, 2006, 2008

IK Start [15 moves]
up:    8: 1968, 1972, 1988, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2008, 2012
down:  7: 1969, 1987, 1996, 2000, 2002, 2007, 2011

Sogndal IL [14 moves]
up:    7: 1981, 1987, 1990, 1993, 1996, 2000, 2010
down:  7: 1982, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2004, 2014

FC Lyn Oslo (SFK Lyn) [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1970, 1977, 1979, 1990, 1996, 2000
down:  7: 1969, 1973, 1978, 1981, 1993, 1997, 2009

SK Brann [11 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1967, 1980, 1982, 1984, 1986
down:  6: 1964, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1985, 2014

Fredrikstad FK [11 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1974, 1979, 1983, 2003, 2010
down:  6: 1973, 1976, 1982, 1984, 2009, 2012

Mjøndalen IF [11 moves]
up:    6: 1971, 1978, 1981, 1984, 1991, 2014
down:  5: 1977, 1979, 1983, 1987, 1992

Molde FK [11 moves]
up:    6: 1973, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1994, 2007
down:  5: 1978, 1980, 1982, 1993, 2006

Strømsgodset IF [11 moves]
up:    6: 1966, 1989, 1993, 1995, 2000, 2006
down:  5: 1976, 1991, 1994, 1999, 2001

Vålerenga F (Vålerengen IF, VIF Fotball) [10 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1973, 1976, 1993, 1997, 2001
down:  5: 1968, 1975, 1990, 1996, 2000

Poland

Since 1927.

Cracovia [17 moves]
up:    9: 1927, 1936, 1957, 1960, 1966, 1969, 1982, 2004, 2013
down:  8: 1935, 1954, 1959, 1962, 1967, 1970, 1984, 2012

Pogon Szczecin [15 moves]
up:    8: 1958, 1962, 1966, 1981, 1992, 1997, 2004, 2012
down:  7: 1960, 1965, 1979, 1989, 1996, 2003, 2007

Gwardia Warszawa [12 moves]
up:    6: 1952, 1961, 1967, 1969, 1978, 1981
down:  6: 1960, 1966, 1968, 1975, 1979, 1983

Odra Opole [12 moves]
up:    6: 1952, 1955, 1959, 1967, 1971, 1976
down:  6: 1953, 1958, 1966, 1970, 1974, 1981

Polonia Bytom [12 moves] 
up:    6: 1947, 1950, 1956, 1977, 1986, 2007
down:  6: 1949, 1955, 1976, 1980, 1987, 2011

Zawisza Bydgoszcz [11 moves]
up:    6: 1960, 1964, 1977, 1979, 1989, 2013
down:  5: 1961, 1967, 1978, 1981, 1994

LKS Lódz [10 moves]
up:    5: 1947, 1953, 1971, 2006, 2011
down:  5: 1952, 1968, 2000, 2009, 2012

Szombierki Bytom [10 moves]
up:    5: 1948, 1963, 1973, 1987, 1992
down:  5: 1950, 1972, 1984, 1989, 1993

Portugal

Since 1938; no proper promotion or relegation until 1948.

Beira-Mar [20 moves]
up:   10: 1961, 1965, 1971, 1975, 1978, 1988, 1998, 2000, 2006, 2010
down: 10: 1962, 1967, 1974, 1977, 1980, 1995, 1999, 2005, 2007, 2013
         
Barreirense [14 moves]
up:    7: 1951, 1960, 1962, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1978
down:  7: 1959, 1961, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1974, 1979

Vitória FC (Setúbal) [14 moves]
up:    7: 1943, 1952, 1962, 1987, 1993, 1996, 2001, 2004
down:  7: 1951, 1960, 1986, 1991, 1995, 2000, 2003

Académica Coimbra [12 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1949, 1973, 1980, 1984, 1997, 2002
down:  6: 1948, 1972, 1979, 1981, 1988, 1999

Espinho [12 moves]
up:    6: 1974, 1977, 1979, 1987, 1992, 1996
down:  6: 1975, 1978, 1984, 1989, 1993, 1997

Varzim [12 moves]
up:    6: 1963, 1976, 1982, 1986, 1997, 2001
down:  6: 1971, 1981, 1985, 1988, 1998, 2003

Atlético CP [11 moves]
up:    5: 1945, 1959, 1966, 1968, 1971, 1974
down:  6: 1957, 1963, 1967, 1969, 1973, 1977

Rio Ave [11 moves]
up:    6: 1979, 1981, 1986, 1996, 2003, 2008
down:  5: 1980, 1985, 1988, 2000, 2006

Estoril-Praia [10 moves]
up:    5: 1946, 1975, 1980, 1991, 2004, 2012
down:  5: 1953, 1979, 1984, 1994, 2005

Salgueiros [10 moves]
up:    5: 1951, 1957, 1960, 1982, 1990
down:  5: 1952, 1958, 1962, 1988, 2002

Tirsense [10 moves]
up:    5: 1967, 1970, 1989, 1992, 1994
down:  5: 1968, 1972, 1991, 1993, 1996

União Leiria [10 moves]
up:    5: 1979, 1981, 1994, 1998, 2009
down:  5: 1980, 1982, 1997, 2008, 2012

Romania

Since 1934.

Politehnica Timisoara (CSU, Stiinta) [18 moves]
up:    9: 1948, 1952, 1960, 1965, 1973, 1984, 1987, 1989, 1995
down:  9: 1951, 1959, 1964, 1967, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1994, 1997
NB: not related to current side Poli AEK Timisoara, who earned promotion
    2002 as AEK Bucuresti and were then relocated.

CSMS Iasi (Politehnica, Poli Unirea) [16 moves]
up:    8: 1960, 1962, 1968, 1973, 1982, 1995, 2004, 2012
down:  8: 1961, 1967, 1972, 1981, 1985, 1996, 2010, 2013

Petrolul Ploiesti (Juventus Bucuresti etc.) [16 moves]
up:    8: Foun, 1946, 1953, 1977, 1982, 1985, 1989, 2003, 2011
down:  8: 1940, 1952, 1974, 1978, 1984, 1988, 2002, 2004

Universitatea Cluj (Stiinta) [16 moves]
up:    8: Foun, 1940, 1950, 1958, 1979, 1985, 1992, 2007, 2010
down:  8: 1938, 1949, 1956, 1976, 1982, 1991, 1999, 2008

Russia

Since 1992.

Kuban Krasnodar [8 moves]
up:    4: Foun, 2003, 2006, 2008, 2010
down:  4: 1992, 2004, 2007, 2009

Shinnik Yaroslavl [7 moves]
up:    3: Foun, 1996, 2001, 2007
down:  4: 1992, 1999, 2006, 2008

Alania Vladikavkaz (Spartak) [5 moves]
up:    2: Foun, 2009, 2012
down:  3: 2005, 2010, 2013

Fakel Voronezh [5 moves]
up:    2: Foun, 1996, 1999
down:  3: 1992, 1997, 2001

FK Tyumen (Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen) [5 moves]
up:    2: Foun, 1993, 1996
down:  3: 1992, 1995, 1998

Scotland

Since 1890.

Dunfermline Athletic [20 moves]
up:   10: 1926, 1934, 1955, 1958, 1973, 1987, 1989, 1996, 2000, 2011
down: 10: 1928, 1937, 1957, 1972, 1975, 1988, 1992, 1999, 2007, 2012

Greenock Morton (Morton) [20 moves]
up:   10: 1900, 1929, 1937, 1946, 1950, 1964, 1967, 1978, 1984, 1987
down: 10: 1927, 1933, 1938, 1949, 1952, 1966, 1975, 1983, 1985, 1988

Clyde [18 moves]
up:    9: 1892, 1894, 1906, 1926, 1952, 1957, 1962, 1964, 1973
down:  9: 1893, 1900, 1924, 1951, 1956, 1961, 1963, 1972, 1975

Falkirk [18 moves]
up:    9: 1905, 1936, 1952, 1961, 1970, 1986, 1991, 1994, 2005
down:  9: 1935, 1951, 1959, 1969, 1974, 1988, 1993, 1996, 2010

Airdrieonians [16 moves]
up:    8: 1903, 1947, 1950, 1955, 1966, 1974, 1980, 1991
down:  8: 1936, 1948, 1954, 1965, 1973, 1975, 1982, 1993
NB: club were dissolved in 2002; the current Airdrie United side took
    the place of Clydebank in Division 2 (3rd level) 2002/03.
 
Dundee [15 moves]
up:    8: 1893, 1947, 1979, 1981, 1992, 1998, 2012, 2014
down:  7: 1938, 1976, 1980, 1990, 1994, 2005, 2013

Partick Thistle [15 moves]
up:    8: 1897, 1900, 1902, 1971, 1976, 1992, 2002, 2013
down:  7: 1899, 1901, 1970, 1975, 1982, 1996, 2004

Saint Johnstone [15 moves]
up:    8: 1924, 1932, 1960, 1963, 1983, 1990, 1997, 2009
down:  7: 1930, 1946, 1962, 1976, 1984, 1994, 2002

Ayr United [14 moves]
up:    7: 1913, 1928, 1937, 1956, 1959, 1966, 1969
down:  7: 1925, 1936, 1939, 1957, 1961, 1967, 1978

Raith Rovers [14 moves]
up:    7: 1910, 1927, 1938, 1949, 1967, 1993, 1995
down:  7: 1926, 1929, 1939, 1963, 1970, 1994, 1997

Hamilton Academical(s) [13 moves]
up:    7: 1906, 1953, 1965, 1986, 1988, 2008, 2014
down:  6: 1947, 1954, 1966, 1987, 1989, 2011

Kilmarnock [13 moves]
up:    7: 1899, 1954, 1974, 1976, 1979, 1982, 1993
down:  6: 1947, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1981, 1983

Stirling Albion [12 moves]
up:    6: 1949, 1951, 1953, 1958, 1961, 1965
down:  6: 1950, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1962, 1968

Saint Mirren [10 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1936, 1968, 1977, 2000, 2006
down:  5: 1935, 1967, 1971, 1992, 2001

NB: Dundee and Raith Rovers did not play in the league in the 1917/18
    and 1918/19 seasons due to war-time transportation difficulties
    but (like Aberdeen) retained full membership;
    there were two separate clubs called Clydebank part of the league
    at different eras, the first making 6 moves (3 up, 3 down) in and
    out of the first level between 1914 and 1931 and the second making
    4 such moves (2 up, 2 down) between 1966 and 2002 (when their
    franchise was sold to newly formed Airdrie United).

Soviet Union

Since 1936.  From 1991 split into 15 different states.

Lokomotive Moskva [14 moves]
up:    7: Foun, 1947, 1951, 1964, 1971, 1974, 1987, 1990
down:  7: 1945, 1950, 1963, 1969, 1972, 1980, 1989, 1991 
NB: relegation in 1991 not effective due to CIS break-up.

Dynamo Minsk [13 moves]
up:    7: 1944, 1951, 1953, 1956, 1962, 1975, 1978
down:  6: 1950, 1952, 1955, 1957, 1973, 1976

Spain

Since 1928.
 
Real Betis Balompié (Sevilla) [22 moves]
up:   11: 1932, 1942, 1958, 1967, 1971, 1974, 1979, 1990, 1994, 2001, 2011
down: 11: 1940, 1943, 1966, 1968, 1973, 1978, 1989, 1991, 2000, 2009, 2014

CD Málaga [22 moves] 
up:   11: 1949, 1952, 1954, 1962, 1965, 1967, 1970, 1976, 1979, 1982, 1988
down: 11: 1951, 1953, 1955, 1963, 1966, 1969, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1985, 1990
NB: club dissolved and not related to Málaga CF, promoted 1999 and first
    relegated 2006.

Real Murcia [22 moves]
up:   11: 1940, 1944, 1950, 1955, 1963, 1973, 1980, 1983, 1986, 2003, 2007
down: 11: 1941, 1947, 1951, 1956, 1965, 1975, 1981, 1985, 1989, 2004, 2008

RC Celta (Vigo) [21 moves]
up:   11: 1939, 1945, 1969, 1976, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1992, 2005, 2012
down: 10: 1944, 1959, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1983, 1986, 1990, 2004, 2007
 
RC Deportivo (La Coruña) [21 moves]
up:   11: 1941, 1946, 1948, 1962, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1971, 1991, 2012, 2014
down: 10: 1945, 1947, 1957, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1970, 1973, 2011, 2013

Racing de Santander [17 moves]
up:    8: Foun, 1950, 1960, 1973, 1975, 1981, 1984, 1993, 2002
down:  9: 1940, 1955, 1962, 1974, 1979, 1983, 1987, 2001, 2012

Hércules CF (Alicante) [16 moves]
up:    8: 1935, 1945, 1954, 1966, 1974, 1984, 1996, 2010
down:  8: 1942, 1946, 1956, 1967, 1982, 1986, 1997, 2011

Real CD Zaragoza [16 moves]
up:    8: 1939, 1942, 1951, 1956, 1972, 1978, 2003, 2009
down:  8: 1941, 1943, 1953, 1971, 1977, 2002, 2008, 2013

Real CD Mallorca [14 moves]
up:    7: 1960, 1965, 1969, 1983, 1986, 1989, 1997 
down:  7: 1963, 1966, 1970, 1984, 1988, 1992, 2013

Real Valladolid [14 moves]
up:    7: 1948, 1959, 1962, 1980, 1993, 2007, 2012
down:  7: 1958, 1961, 1964, 1992, 2004, 2010, 2014

CA Osasuna (Pamplona) [12 moves]
up:    6: 1935, 1953, 1956, 1961, 1980, 2000
down:  6: 1936, 1954, 1960, 1963, 1994, 2014

Real Oviedo [12 moves]
up:    6: 1933, 1952, 1958, 1972, 1975, 1988
down:  6: 1950, 1954, 1965, 1974, 1976, 2001
NB: were inactive 1939/40 but kept their top flight place

Real Sociedad (San Sebastián) [12 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1941, 1943, 1947, 1949, 1967, 2010
down:  6: 1935, 1942, 1944, 1948, 1962, 2007

R Sporting de Gijón [12 moves]
up:    6: 1944, 1951, 1957, 1970, 1977, 2008
down:  6: 1948, 1954, 1959, 1976, 1998, 2012

Rayo Vallecano (Madrid) [11 moves]
up:    6: 1977, 1989, 1992, 1995, 1999, 2011
down:  5: 1980, 1990, 1994, 1997, 2003

Cádiz CF [10 moves]
up:    5: 1977, 1981, 1983, 1985, 2005
down:  5: 1978, 1982, 1984, 1993, 2006

UD Las Palmas [10 moves]
up:    5: 1951, 1954, 1964, 1985, 2000
down:  5: 1952, 1960, 1983, 1988, 2002

Sweden

Since 1924.

Djurgårdens IF [19 moves]
up:   10: 1927, 1936, 1945, 1949, 1961, 1985, 1987, 1994, 1998, 2000
down:  9: 1928, 1937, 1948, 1960, 1981, 1986, 1992, 1996, 1999

Hammarby IF [19 moves]
up:    9: Foun, 1939, 1954, 1958, 1964, 1966, 1969, 1989, 1993, 1997
down: 10: 1925, 1940, 1957, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1988, 1990, 1995, 2009

GAIS [17 moves]
up:    8: Foun, 1941, 1956, 1963, 1965, 1971, 1987, 1999, 2005
down:  9: 1938, 1955, 1959, 1964, 1970, 1975, 1992, 2000, 2012
 
Halmstads BK [17 moves]
up:    9: 1933, 1942, 1947, 1954, 1971, 1973, 1988, 1992, 2012
down:  8: 1936, 1946, 1948, 1959, 1972, 1987, 1991, 2011

Örgryte IS [15 moves]
up:    7: Foun, 1958, 1969, 1974, 1980, 1992, 1994, 2008
down:  8: 1940, 1968, 1973, 1976, 1990, 1993, 2006, 2009

GIF Sundsvall [14 moves]
up:    7: 1964, 1974, 1986, 1990, 1999, 2007, 2011
down:  7: 1965, 1975, 1989, 1991, 2005, 2008, 2012

Kalmar FF [13 moves]
up:    7: 1949, 1953, 1975, 1983, 1998, 2001, 2003
down:  6: 1951, 1955, 1982, 1986, 1999, 2002

Landskrona BoIS [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1934, 1944, 1948, 1970, 1993, 2001
down:  7: 1934, 1942, 1945, 1949, 1980, 1994, 2005

Örebro SK [13 moves]
up:    7: 1946, 1948, 1950, 1960, 1988, 2006, 2013
down:  6: 1947, 1949, 1953, 1978, 2004, 2012

BK Häcken [11 moves]
up:    6: 1982, 1992, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2008
down:  5: 1983, 1994, 1998, 2001, 2006

IK Brage [10 moves]
up:    5: 1937, 1943, 1965, 1979, 1992
down:  5: 1941, 1944, 1966, 1990, 1993

IFK Norrköping [10 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1935, 1940, 1983, 2007, 2010
down:  5: 1930, 1937, 1982, 2002, 2008

Östers IF (Växjö) [10 moves]
up:    5: 1967, 1989, 2002, 2005, 2012
down:  5: 1988, 1998, 2003, 2006, 2013

Switzerland

Since 1933.

FC Luzern [17 moves]
up:    9: 1936, 1953, 1958, 1967, 1970, 1974, 1979, 1993, 2006
down:  8: 1944, 1955, 1966, 1969, 1972, 1975, 1992, 2003

FC Sankt Gallen [15 moves]
up:    8: 1935, 1939, 1949, 1968, 1971, 1994, 2009, 2012
down:  7: 1937, 1945, 1950, 1970, 1993, 2008, 2011

AC Bellinzona [14 moves]
up:    7: 1944, 1964, 1967, 1976, 1980, 1986, 2008
down:  7: 1960, 1965, 1971, 1977, 1984, 1990, 2011

FC La Chaux-de-Fonds [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1938, 1943, 1947, 1975, 1979, 1983
down:  7: 1937, 1942, 1946, 1974, 1976, 1980, 1987

FC Lugano [13 moves]
up:    6: Foun, 1954, 1961, 1964, 1979, 1988, 1998
down:  7: 1953, 1960, 1963, 1976, 1980, 1997, 2002
NB: 2002 relegation due to refusal of professional license

FC Chiasso [12 moves]
up:    6: 1948, 1962, 1972, 1978, 1983, 1992
down:  6: 1961, 1965, 1974, 1982, 1984, 1993

FC Winterthur [12 moves]
up:    6: 1956, 1959, 1966, 1968, 1982, 1984
down:  6: 1958, 1961, 1967, 1977, 1983, 1985

FC Grenchen [10 moves]
up:    5: 1937, 1952, 1957, 1971, 1985
down:  5: 1951, 1956, 1968, 1973, 1986

Turkey

Since 1960.

Samsunspor [14 moves]
up:    7: 1969, 1976, 1982, 1985, 1991, 1993, 2011
down:  7: 1975, 1979, 1983, 1990, 1992, 2006, 2012

Kayserispor [12 moves]
up:    6: 1973, 1979, 1985, 1992, 1997, 2004
down:  7: 1975, 1980, 1986, 1996, 1998, 2014
NB: Kayserispor were actually not promoted in 2004, having finished only sixth
    in the second division; instead local rivals Erciyesspor went up as second
    level runners-up, but they swapped places; the secondary club were promoted
    one season later under the name Kayseri Erciyesspor but went down again in
    2007.

Karsiyaka (Izmir) [11 moves]
up:    5: Foun, 1966, 1970, 1987, 1992, 1995
down:  6: 1964, 1967, 1972, 1991, 1994, 1996 

Mersin Idmanyurdu SK [11 moves]
up:    6: 1967, 1976, 1980, 1982, 2011, 2014
down:  5: 1974, 1978, 1981, 1983, 2013

Adana Demirspor [10 moves]
up:    5: 1960, 1973, 1987, 1991, 1994
down:  5: 1961, 1984, 1990, 1992, 1995

Antalyaspor [10 moves]
up:    5: 1982, 1986, 1994, 2006, 2008
down:  5: 1985, 1987, 2002, 2007, 2014

Diyarbakirspor [10 moves]
up:    5: 1977, 1981, 1986, 2001, 2009
down:  5: 1980, 1982, 1987, 2006, 2010

Sakaryaspor (Adapazari) [10 moves]
up:    5: 1981, 1987, 1998, 2003, 2006
down:  5: 1986, 1990, 1999, 2004, 2007

Sekerspor (Ankara) [10 moves] (includes Seker Hilalspor)
up:    5: 1959, 1964, 1967, 1972, 1997
down:  5: 1963, 1966, 1969, 1973, 1998

Göztepe SK (Izmir) [9 moves]
up:    4: Foun, 1978, 1981, 1999, 2001
down:  5: 1977, 1980, 1982, 2000, 2003

Rizespor [9 moves]
up:    5: 1979, 1985, 2000, 2003, 2013
down:  4: 1981, 1989, 2002, 2008

Adanaspor [8 moves]
up:    4: 1971, 1988, 1998, 2002
down:  4: 1984, 1991, 2001, 2004

Ukraine

Since 1992.

Zakarparttya Uzhhorod (Hoverla) [9 moves]
up:    5: 2001, 2004, 2007, 2009, 2012
down:  4: 2002, 2006, 2008, 2010

Chornomorets Odesa [6 moves]
up:    3: Foun, 1999, 2002, 2011
down:  3: 1998, 2000, 2010

Uruguay

Since 1900.

Fénix [17 moves]
up:    9: 1922, 1956, 1959, 1973, 1977, 1985, 2000, 2007, 2009
down:  8: 1924, 1958, 1967, 1976, 1981, 1986, 2005, 2008

Racing [17 moves]
up:    9: 1923, 1930, 1956, 1958, 1974, 1989, 1996, 1999, 2008
down:  8: 1928, 1944, 1957, 1971, 1975, 1993, 1997, 2002

Sud América [17 moves]
up:    9: 1926, 1930, 1951, 1954, 1957, 1963, 1975, 1994, 2013
down:  8: 1928, 1945, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1972, 1985, 1996

Central Español (Central) [16 moves]
up:    8: 1908, 1928, 1961, 1970, 1983, 1993, 2000, 2005
down:  8: 1927, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1992, 1996, 2004, 2013

NB: Central left the league in 1922, together with Peñarol, because of a conflict 
    on amateurism.

Wales

Since 1992.

Afan Lido [5 moves]
up:    2: Foun, 1998, 2011
down:  3: 1996, 2005, 2014

Llanelli [5 moves]
up:    2: Foun, 1999, 2004
down:  3: 1996, 2003, 2013

Caernarfon Town [4 moves]
up:    2: 1995, 2001
down:  2: 2000, 2009

Welshpool Town [4 moves]
up:    2: 1996, 2002
down:  2: 1998, 2010

Yugoslavia

Since 1927.  From 1991/92 on split into 5 different states.

Vardar Skopje [15 moves]    
up:    8: 1946, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1963, 1971, 1979, 1991
down:  7: 1948, 1955, 1959, 1962, 1970, 1976, 1990
Vardar left the Yugoslav league after the 1992 season.

NK Zagreb [13 moves]
up:    7: 1950, 1954, 1964, 1973, 1976, 1980, 1991
down:  6: 1953, 1958, 1970, 1974, 1979, 1982
Zagreb left the Yugoslav league after the 1991 season.


About this document

With thanks to Dale Arnett, Yaniv Bleicher, Diego Cervini, Mike Dryomin, Gualtier Maldè, Pawel Mogielnicki, Heikki Pietarinen, Ricardo Pontes and Andreas Werner for additions and corrections.

Prepared and maintained by Karel Stokkermans for the Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation

Author: Karel Stokkermans
Last updated: 27 Nov 2014

(C) Copyright Karel Stokkermans and RSSSF 1996/2014
You are free to copy this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the author. All rights reserved.