1927|1928|1929|1930|1931|1932|1933|1934|1935|1936|1937|1938|1939|1940 1927-1939 rankings and club name information|1927-1939 trivia|1927-1940 topscorers
The first major international cup for club teams, an idea of the Austrian Hugo Meisl. (The Challenge Cup, played between 1897 and 1911 and open to teams from the Hapsburg Empire, can be seen as a fore-runner.)
The decision to organise an international club competition was taken on July 16 and 17, 1927 in Venice, Italy, and the first matches were played on August 14 of the same year.
More or less simultaneously, a competition for national teams was introduced, the Coupe Internationale européenne (known in English as International Cup; the sixth and final edition was played for the Dr. Gerö Cup), which can be considered a predecessor of the European Championship.
In the first two seasons, two teams each from Hungary, Austria, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia entered; in 1929 the Yugoslav sides were replaced by Italian ones. After an initial discussion to reorganise the competition into a league (an idea eventually rejected due to scheduling problems), participation was extended in 1934 to four entrants of each of the four countries; in 1936 four teams from Switzerland were admitted (all eliminated in a preliminary round), and in 1937 clubs from Romania, Switzerland and Yugoslavia entered the competition, with no country having more than 3 entrants; after the Anschluß of Austria to Germany in 1938, no clubs from there entered and the other three major countries entered four teams again. The last edition, in 1939, only had 8 teams again (two of the big three and one each from Romania and Yugoslavia). An edition in 1940 was started but abandoned due to World War II.
Austria, Italy, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia were undoubtedly the strongest countries in continental Europe in the late twenties and thirties, and the first to introduce professional football on the continent (Austria 1924, Czechoslovakia 1925, Hungary 1926). The Cup therefore carried a prestige only comparable with the Champions' Cup of later decades.
After the second World War, the cup was resumed (including unofficial editions in 1951 and 1958), but never reached its former status again, mainly because of the advent of the Champions' Cup and other European club competitions. Vasas of Budapest deserve some mention for winning it six times between 1956 and 1983. In the eighties entrance for a while was given to the second division champions of the participating countries, which led to Milan AC picking up the trophy in 1982. By then, the tournament had lost all credibility and tended to be hosted by mediocre Italian sides in an attempt to embellish their palmares. After this went wrong for Foggia in 1992, it has not been played any more - only partially due to the violent conflicts in former Yugoslavia.
1927 AC Sparta Praha 1928 Ferencvárosi FC 1929 Újpesti FC 1930 SK Rapid (Wien) 1931 First Vienna FC 1932 AGC Bologna 1933 FK Austria (Wien) 1934 AGC Bologna 1935 AC Sparta Praha 1936 FK Austria (Wien) 1937 Ferencvárosi FC 1938 SK Slavia Praha 1939 Újpesti FC 1940 competition abandoned due to World War II 1951 [Zentropa Cup] SK Rapid (Wien) 1955 Vörös Lobogo 1956 Vasas (Budapest) 1957 Vasas (Budapest) 1958 [Donau Cup] Crvena zvezda Beograd 1959 Honvéd SE (Budapest) 1960 Hungary (every country had six entrants; results were added) 1961 Bologna FC 1962 Vasas (Budapest) 1963 MTK (Budapest) 1964 Spartak Sokolovo Praha 1965 Vasas (Budapest) 1966 AC Fiorentina 1967 Spartak Trnava 1968 Crvena zvezda Beograd 1969 Internacional Bratislava 1970 Vasas (Budapest) 1971 Celik Zenica 1972 Celik Zenica 1973 Tatabányai Bányász 1974 Tatabányai Bányász 1975 Wacker Innsbruck 1976 Wacker Innsbruck 1977 Vojvodina Novi Sad 1978 Partizan Beograd 1980 Udinese 1981 Tatran Presov 1982 Milan AC 1983 Vasas (Budapest) 1984 SC Eisenstadt 1985 Iskra Bugojno 1986 Pisa 1987 Ascoli 1988 Pisa 1989 Baník Ostrava 1990 Bari 1991 Torino 1992 Borac Banja Luka
FK Austria (Wien) 2 AGC Bologna 2 Ferencvárosi FC 2 AC Sparta Praha 2 Újpesti FC 2 First Vienna FC 1 SK Rapid (Wien) 1 SK Slavia Praha 1
Vasas (Budapest) 6 Bologna FC 3 AC Sparta Praha 3 (includes Spartak Sokolovo) FK Austria (Wien) 2 Celik Zenica 2 Ferencvárosi TC 2 MTK 2 (includes Vörös Lobogo) Pisa 2 Tatabányai Bányász 2 Újpesti TE 2 Wacker Innsbruck 2 Ascoli 1 Baník Ostrava 1 Bari 1 Borac Banja Luka 1 Crvena zvezda Beograd 1 SC Eisenstadt 1 AC Fiorentina 1 First Vienna FC 1 Honvéd SE 1 Internacional Bratislava 1 Iskra Bugojno 1 Milan AC 1 Partizan Beograd 1 SK Rapid (Wien) 1 SK Slavia Praha 1 Spartak Trnava 1 Tatran Presov 1 Torino 1 Udinese 1 Vojvodina Novi Sad 1
Austria 4 Hungary 4 Czechoslovakia 3 Italy 2
Hungary 16 Italy 11 Czechoslovakia 8 Austria 7 Yugoslavia 7 [*] [*] this includes Borac Banja Luka's win in 1992; Banja Luka is in Bosnia-Herzegovina, which proclaimed independence several weeks before the 1992 tournament and gained admission to the United Nations one week before Borac claimed the trophy, but as the club remained under the ("remainder of") Yugoslavia league structure in the 1992/93 season (they entered the inaugural championship of the "Republik Srpska" in the 1995/96 season) it would appear reasonable to include their win under Yugoslavia.
1927 AC Sparta Praha 6-2 SK Rapid (Wien) SK Rapid (Wien) 2-1 AC Sparta Praha 1928 Ferencvárosi FC 7-1 SK Rapid (Wien) SK Rapid (Wien) 5-3 Ferencvárosi FC 1929 Újpesti FC 5-1 SK Slavia Praha SK Slavia Praha 2-2 Újpesti FC 1930 AC Sparta Praha 0-2 SK Rapid (Wien) SK Rapid (Wien) 2-3 AC Sparta Praha 1931 First Vienna FC 3-2 Wiener AC Wiener AC 1-2 First Vienna FC 1932 AGC Bologna by default (see file for details) 1933 AS Ambrosiana Inter 2-1 FK Austria (Wien) FK Austria (Wien) 3-1 AS Ambrosiana Inter 1934 SK Admira (Wien) 3-2 AGC Bologna AGC Bologna 5-1 SK Admira (Wien) 1935 Ferencvárosi FC 2-1 AC Sparta Praha AC Sparta Praha 3-0 Ferencvárosi FC 1936 FK Austria (Wien) 0-0 AC Sparta Praha AC Sparta Praha 0-1 FK Austria (Wien) 1937 Ferencvárosi FC 4-2 SS Lazio SS Lazio 4-5 Ferencvárosi FC 1938 SK Slavia Praha 2-2 Ferencvárosi FC Ferencvárosi FC 0-2 SK Slavia Praha 1939 Ferencvárosi FC 1-4 Újpesti FC Újpesti FC 2-2 Ferencvárosi FC 1940 competition abandoned 1951 SK Rapid (Wien) 3-2 SC Wacker (Wien) 1955 Vörös Lobogo 6-0 UDA Praha UDA Praha 1-2 Vörös Lobogo 1956 SK Rapid (Wien) 3-3 Vasas (Budapest) Vasas (Budapest) 1-1 SK Rapid (Wien) Vasas (Budapest) 9-2 SK Rapid (Wien) 1957 Vasas (Budapest) 4-0 Vojvodina Novi Sad Vojvodina Novi Sad 2-1 Vasas (Budapest) 1958 Crvena zvezda 4-1 Ruda Hvezda Cheb Ruda Hvezda Cheb 2-3 Crvena zvezda Beograd 1959 Honvéd (Budapest) 4-3 MTK (Budapest) MTK (Budapest) 2-2 Honvéd (Budapest) 1960 only countrywise ranking was compiled from club results 1961 Slovan Nitra 2-2 Bologna FC Bologna FC 3-0 Slovan Nitra 1962 Vasas (Budapest) 5-1 Bologna FC Bologna FC 2-1 Vasas (Budapest) 1963 MTK (Budapest) 2-1 Vasas (Budapest) Vasas (Budapest) 1-1 MTK (Budapest) 1964 Slovan Bratislava 0-0 Spartak Sokolovo Praha Spartak Sokolovo 2-0 Slovan Bratislava 1965 Vasas (Budapest) 1-0 AC Fiorentina 1966 AC Fiorentina 1-0 Jednota Trencin 1967 Újpesti Dózsa SC 3-2 Spartak Trnava Spartak Trnava 3-1 Újpesti Dózsa SC 1968 Spartak Trnava 1-0 Crvena zvezda Beograd Crvena zvezda 4-1 Spartak Trnava 1969 Inter Bratislava 4-1 Sklo Union Teplice Sklo Union Teplice 0-0 Internacional Bratislava 1970 Inter Bratislava 2-1 Vasas (Budapest) Vasas (Budapest) 4-1 Internacional Bratislava 1971 Celik Zenica 3-1 SV Austria Salzburg 1972 AC Fiorentina 0-0 Celik Zenica Celik Zenica 1-0 AC Fiorentina 1973 Celik Zenica 1-2 Tatabányai Bányász Tatabányai Bányász 2-1 Celik Zenica 1974 ZVL Zilina 2-3 Tatabányai Bányász Tatabányai Bányász 2-0 ZVL Zilina 1975 Wacker Innsbruck 3-1 Honvéd (Budapest) Honvéd (Budapest) 1-2 Wacker Innsbruck 1976 Wacker Innsbruck 3-1 Velez Mostar Velez Mostar 1-3 Wacker Innsbruck 1977 tournament won by Vojvodina Novi Sad; second Vasas (Budapest) 1978 Partizan Beograd 1-0 Honvéd (Budapest) 1979 not played 1980 tournament won by Udinese Calcio; second Celik Zenica 1981 tournament won by Tatran Presov; second Csepel SC (Budapest) 1982 tournament won by Milan AC; second TJ Vítkovice 1983 tournament won by Vasas (Budapest); second ZVL Zilina 1984 tournament won by SC Eisenstadt; second FK Pristina 1985 tournament won by Iskra Bugojno; second BC Atalanta (Bergamo) 1986 SC Pisa 2-0 Debreceni VSC 1987 Ascoli Calcio 1-0 Bohemians Praha 1988 SC Pisa 3-0 Váci Izzo 1989 Baník Ostrava 2-1 Bologna FC Bologna FC 1-2 Baník Ostrava 1990 AS Bari 1-0 Genoa 1893 1991 Torino Calcio 2-1 SC Pisa [aet] 1992 Borac Banja Luka 1-1 Budapesti VSC [aet, 5-3 pen] Additionally, a "Mitropa Super Cup" was contested in 1989 between the winners of 1988 and 1989: 1989 Baník Ostrava 3-0 SC Pisa SC Pisa 3-1 Baník Ostrava [aet]
Sources: [AYU], [FRF 93], [HeJ 91], [LoP 90], [soc 3 15,16]
Prepared and maintained by Karel Stokkermans for the Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation
Author: Karel Stokkermans
Last updated: 13 Mar 2014
(C) Copyright Karel Stokkermans and RSSSF 1995/2014
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