France - List of Champions


Table of contents


Origins of the French League

       The first football club ever created in France was Havre Football Club 
in 1872 and the founders were obviously English. But from 1872 to 1890's, the 
members played three different codes of football : association football, 
rugby football and combination (hybrid game from the first two ones). Members 
decide by votation during the General Meeting on November 18th 1884 to play 
combination but nobody was satisfied. The same year, the name of the club 
changed for Havre Athletic Club. The association football code received 
definitively the members adhesion in 1894.
       From Le Havre (whose exact name is : Le Havre-du-Val-de-Grâce), the 
sport spread towards Paris – where some Englishmen created the Paris Football 
Club with Klempen as the captain in 1879 and dissolved in 1886 - and Northern 
France – the Football Club d'Amiens in Picardy existed from 1880 to 1882-, 
from Bordeaux to Southern France, and together then to the rest of France. 
The few clubs existing unregularly met where they could, often borrowing the 
playing grounds of more established sports, as most clubs were multi-sports.
In fact for some historians, Havre Football Club was the first football code 
club but not the first soccer club that was the first Paris Football Club 
that, meanwhile, rugby and association footballs with the same members.

       The first significant step in the organized sport in France was made 
on December 29th 1887 by the French-Scottish Eugène de Saint-Clair and the 
delegates of the Racing Club de France and Stade Français who created the 
Union des Sociétés Françaises de courses à pied, and in May 1888 by Pierre 
Fredi – Baron de Coubertin - who created the Comité pour la propagation des 
exercices physiques dans l'éducation. The two multi-sports organizations 
merged together soon and the players of the different codes of football 
resolved themselves into an autonomous section on November 29th 1890 with 
Coubertin, Saint-Clair, C. Heywood and E. Saint-Chaffray.
The first members were from Paris and it was not before the mid-1890's that 
clubs from the rest of France started to join.

       One of the founding articles of the U.S.F.S.A. mentioned the 
organization of a regular football tournament under the rule of the Union. 
Meanwhile the U.S.F.S.A. preferred to help growing rugby football because of 
the professionalization of the association football in the United Kingdom. 
The first national championship in team sports in France was the high schools 
rugby football championship in 1891. The rugby football championship for 
civil clubs is created in 1892. With such an inaction for the association 
football, the Parisian clubs menaced to start a league .

       So, in 1894, it was decided to hold a "championship" among the 
volunteering football clubs of the U.S.F.S.A. Of course, it more looked like 
a championship of Paris rather than a French championship, but it was the 
first attempt to organize the game in France. What is more, the best teams of 
the country, except Havre Athletic Club, were from Paris. The first 
tournament in 1894 gathered six teams under a cup system and the first winner 
was Standard Athletic Club defeating The White Rovers 2-2 and 2-0 in the 
replay. The event again took place in 1895 with eight teams and still with a 
cup system. The final yielded the same result, Standard A.C. winning to The 
White Rovers 3-1.

       The teams' English names remind that every two player was actually 
British until 1897 or 1898. Then, football became better known and truly 
French clubs started to develop. A few tournaments reserved to teams fielding 
French players only also helped a lot. Meanwhile in the rest of France, the 
game spread on, with unregular little tournaments blossoming in various 
regions.

       In 1896 the U.S.F.S.A. Championship changed its format to become a 
true league with 9 clubs. In 1896 and 1897, the matches were played on 
neutral grounds, but from 1898 the home-and-away basis was adopted, along 
with three "series" corresponding to three divisions.


       It isn't known very well in France that a professional federation – 
Fédération des Sociétés Athlétiques Professionnelles de France - existed and 
created a professional association football championship from 1896/97 to 
1906/07. The competition was popular but the forerunners of the Fédération 
Française de Football Association decided to hide and forget this important 
fact. Even the French historians didn't look into this professional period.   

       Another important step was in 1899: in order to make the U.S.F.S.A. 
competition more look like a French Championship, it was decided that the 
winner of the Paris tournament would meet the winner of a tournament 
organized among teams from the rest of France. Two regions, Normandy and the 
North, accepted the idea.
       Havre Athletic Club Football Association and Iris Club Lillois – North 
champion - should have met in Paris, but the ground was occupied by a hockey 
match... So the game was postponed. Unfortunatly, the players from Lille 
could not manage to come to Amiens to play the rescheduled match and Havre 
A.C. had a walk-over to the final versus Club Français (champion of Paris). 
Club Français refused to meet Havre A.C. for several – dubious - reasons, 
among others that they had not played a single match to reach the final -
because of the Normandy championship wasn't created yet- and the trophy rules 
made clear the James Gordon Bennett Trophy could not go out of Paris (sic)...
Eventually, the U.S.F.S.A. decided to award the title to Havre A.C., which 
thus won without playing a game ! 
       The following years were less controversial with a proper championship 
being organized for the clubs from Normandy and the North and a final versus 
the champion of Paris. In 1903, numerous regional championships were 
acknowledged by the U.S.F.S.A., so that 7 regional champions (including the 
champion of Paris) took part in the final tournament held to designate the 
champion of France. In 1904, the number rose to 13 finalists.

       Meanwhile, in 1898, another multi-sports federation had been created, 
the Union des Sociétés et d'Instruction Militaire des Patronages et Œuvres de 
Jeunesse de France (U.S.G.I.M.P.O.J.F.), which changed name in 1901 to 
Fédération des Sociétés Catholiques de Gymnastique (F.S.C.G) and in 1903 to 
Fédération Gymnastique et Sportive des Patronages de France (F.G.S.P.F.).
       So France had two amateur football sections in the two federations. 
The U.S.F.S.A. had more members, meanwhile the relationships between the two 
organizations were good. They were even about to sign an agreement, when the 
U.S.F.S.A., making  a pretext of the friendly match between the two amateur 
champions on May 28th 1905, suddenly broke ties from the F.G.S.P.F. The 
U.S.F.S.A. (wrongly) pretended that F.G.S.P.F. players were false amateurs 
and forbade to its member clubs to play any match against a F.G.S.P.F. team 
or even to give them access to their pitches. The actual reason for this 
aggressiveness was political: most clubs of the F.G.S.P.F. were "patronages", 
i.e. youth organizations ruled by the Catholic Church.
       The law proclaiming the separation of State from Church was precisely 
passed in December 1905 and effective in the beginning of 1906. The 
U.S.F.S.A., expecting government subsidies, considered it necessary to break 
from the F.G.S.P.F.

       But the F.G.S.P.F. lead by Charles Simon and Henri Delaunay carried on 
its task of diffusing football within France and they created their own 
championship in 1905. Another multi-sport organization, the Fédération 
Cycliste et Amateur de France (F.C.A.F.) – dissidence from the Union 
Vélocipédique de France founded in 1880 and renamed Fédération Française de 
Cyclisme in 1932 -, started their championship in 1906.
On March 23rd 1907, considering the persisting aggressive attitude of the 
U.S.F.S.A., the F.G.S.P.F. saw no other solution than regrouping with the 
other independent federations in a national confederation dedicated to sport 
but specially to football : the Comité Français Interfédéral (C.F.I.) whose 
first president is Charles Simon. 
490 sport societies – whose several ones don't play football in fact - are 
the members of the new entity that unified the F.G.S.P.F., the F.C.A.F., the 
Fédération Athlétique Amateur (F.A.A.), the Fédération Cycliste et Athlétique 
de Lyon et du Sud-Est (F.C.A.L.S.E.) and the Fédération Athlétique du Sud-
Ouest (F.A.S.O.) together.
The main competition of the C.F.I., which started in 1907 too, was called the 
"Trophée de France". It was a final tournament among the champions of the 
member federations of the C.F.I. The Trophée de France thus became the main 
"French Championship", somehow replacing the isolationist U.S.F.S.A. 
tournament.

       Subsequently, things went wrong for the U.S.F.S.A. policy. In 1908 
they had to leave the F.I.F.A. and were replaced there by the C.F.I. on May 
18th 1910.
On August 27th 1910, four Parisian clubs – Cercle Athlétique de Paris, Red 
Star Amical Club, Union Sportive Suisse et Paris Star -, tired by the 
despising attitude of U.S.F.S.A. towards football, decided to found their own 
federation, the Ligue de Football Association (L.F.A.) and to join the C.F.I. 
Eventually, U.S.F.S.A. alsodecided to join the C.F.I. on December 31st 1912. 
So French football was officially unified on January 5th 1913 just before 
World War I broke out.
       During the war, the Trophée de France could not be held as the regular 
championships were cancelled, but C.F.I. organized a so-called "Coupe de 
France" in 1916 between the offical winners from the different federations 
that created several competitions . On January 15th 1917, the C.F.I. launched 
the Coupe Charles-Simon, opened to all French clubs, which was to become the 
true Coupe de France.

       On April 7th 1919, the C.F.I. decided to change status and became the 
Féderation Française de Football Association (F.F.F.A.). It was no longer a 
confederation of various organizations, but a proper federation with 15 
regional championships and a national competition: the Coupe de France. The 
French Cup became so popular (several hundreds of entrants each year, 
thousands of spectators) that the Federation became aware of the need of a 
national championship. Founded in 1926, the Championnat de France Amateur 
(C.F.A.), i.e. the Amateur French Championship, concerned the 15 regional 
champions.
       But it was organized in a ludicrous way: three categories of regions 
were identified according to their number of teams still qualified in 1/32 
finals of the French Cup. The champions of the five first regions played in 
the Division d'Excellence, the five following ones in the Division d'Honneur 
and the five bottom in the Division de Promotion. Attempts to improve the 
system were made in the following years (like suppressing the Division de 
Promotion), but the C.F.A. stopped in 1929 after its third season.

       The rising issue around 1930 was the status of the players i.e. the 
path to professionalism. In 1930, F.C. Sochaux-Montbéliard, one of the 
leading clubs, backed by car manufacturer Peugeot, proposed to organize a 
competition among the top French teams. All these clubs had an unofficial 
semi-professional status. Thus, eight teams entered the first Coupe Sochaux 
(Challenge Peugeot) played on a League basis with a final which F.C. Sochaux-
Montbéliard duly won. The following year, 20 clubs took part in the event, 
divided into two groups of 10, with a final between the first ranked of each 
group. This was to be the last Coupe Sochaux as professionalism was adopted 
on January 7th 1932 and a Professional French League was set up in 1932/33.

       The format of the first French League was the same as for the second 
Coupe Sochaux edition (2 groups of 10 with the winners meeting in final), but 
a full League system was adopted for 1933/34 with 14 clubs in Division 1 and 
15 in Division 2. The Amateur French Championship (C.F.A.) was resumed in 
1934/35 and held the role of a third division. The number of teams in 
Division 1 (Ligue 1) went up to 16 before World War II, 18 after it, and 20 
from the sixties.

       In 1939/40, the teams volunteering to enter the League were split into 
three regionals groups. The South-West winner met the South-East winner and 
the newly South champion should have met the North champion , but the final 
could not take place as the Germans had already invaded France.
During the occupation period, two regional championships were held (in the 
North in the "occupied zone" and in the South in the "free zone"). During two 
seasons (1940/41 and 1941/42), the teams from the "forbiden zone" (Lens, 
Lille, Roubaix, Sochaux, Tourcoing, Valenciennes) had to stop professionalism 
and played a regional championship. They could re-enter the League after 
that. 
On June 15th 1943 the Commissaire aux Sports of French (Vichy) government, 
Colonel Pascot - decided to take advantage of allegations of bribery in the 
French Cup final - dissolved all professional clubs and replaced them in July 
17th by 16 regional teams (named after the main city and the region). These 16 
teams entered the newly named Federal Championship and the Cup in 1943/44. 
Actually, the championship could hardly be finished as France was being 
liberated.
After Liberation, a League was quickly set up for 1944/45 with 2 groups of 12 
and a final between the two winners. The professional French League normally 
resumed in 1945/46.

       In 1969 the F.G.S.P.F. is renamed Fédération Culturelle de France and 
affiliated to the F.F.F.

       In 1971/72, the C.F.A. was replaced by Division 3 (6 groups of 16) and 
Division 4 (8 groups of 14) was created in 1978/79. This system lived on 
until 1992-1993. Division 2, then divided up into 2 groups of 18, was 
transformed in a unique group and the current organization was initiated in 
1992/93 with National 1, National 2 and National 3 (3rd, 4th and 5th levels) 
that changed for National, Championnat de France Amateur (CFA) and 
Championnat de France Amateur 2 (CFA2) in 1997/98.


Yearwise list of the champions of France


1894     Standard Athletic Club 
1895     Standard Athletic Club
1896     Club Français
1896/97  Standard Athletic Club (U.S.F.S.A.)
         Union des Sports de France (F.S.A.P.F.)
1897/98  Standard Athletic Club (U.S.F.S.A.)
         Union des Sports de France (F.S.A.P.F.)
1898/99  Havre Athletic Club Football Association (U.S.F.S.A.)
         Union des Sports de France (F.S.A.P.F.)
1899/00  Havre Athletic Club Football Association (U.S.F.S.A.)
         Club Athlétique Parisien (F.S.A.P.F.)
1900/01  Standard Athletic Club (U.S.F.S.A.)
         Club Athlétique Parisien (F.S.A.P.F.)
1901/02  Racing Club de Roubaix (U.S.F.S.A.)
         Union Sportive Batignolaise (F.S.A.P.F.)
1902/03  Racing Club de Roubaix (U.S.F.S.A.)
         Union Sportive Batignolaise (F.S.A.P.F.)
1903/04  Racing Club de Roubaix (U.S.F.S.A.)    
         Union Sportive Batignolaise (F.S.A.P.F.)                 
1904/05  Gallia Club (U.S.F.S.A.)
         Étoile des Deux Lacs (F.G.S.P.F.)
         Union Sportive Batignolaise (F.S.P.F.)
1905/06  Racing Club de Roubaix (U.S.F.S.A.)
         Étoile des Deux Lacs (F.G.S.P.F.)
         Société Municipale de Puteaux (F.C.A.F.)
         Club Athlétique du Sud (F.S.A.P.F.)
1906/07  Racing Club de France (U.S.F.S.A.)
         Étoile des Deux Lacs (C.F.I.)
         Club Athlétique du Sud (F.S.A.P.F.)
1907/08  Patronage Olier (C.F.I.)
         Racing Club de Roubaix (U.S.F.S.A.)
1908/09  Jeanne d'Arc de Saint-Ouen (C.F.I.)
         Stade Helvétique de Marseille (U.S.F.S.A.)
1909/10  Cercle Athlétique de Vitry (C.F.I.)
         Union Sportive Tourquennoise (U.S.F.S.A.)
1910/11  Cercle Athlétique de Paris (C.F.I.)
         Stade Helvétique de Marseille (U.S.F.S.A.)
1911/12  Étoile des Deux Lacs (C.F.I.)
         Stade Raphaëlois (U.S.F.S.A.)
1912/13  Cercle Athlétique de Paris                              
1913/14  Olympique Lillois  

Coupe de France

1915/16  Olympique de Pantin 

Regional Champions of Division d'Honneur 1919-1932

link to separate file

C.F.A.

1926-27   Division d'Excellence: Cercle Athlétique de Paris
            [Division d'Honneur: Football Club de Valentigney]
            [Division Promotion: Association Sportive du Centre (Tours)]
1927-28   Division d'Excellence: Stade Français (Paris)
            [Division d'Honneur: Football Club de Mulhouse]
1928-29   Division d'Excellence: Olympique de Marseille
            [Division d'Honneur: Union Sportive Cazérienne (Cazères)]

Coupe Sochaux (Challenge Peugeot)

1930-31   Football Club de Sochaux-Montbéliard
1931-32   Football Club de Mulhouse


League Champions                                 Pl   W   D   L   GF-GA  Pts

1932/33 # Olympique Lillois                      18  14   0   4   41-23  28  
1933/34 D Football Club de Sète                  26  14   6   6   69-52  34
1934/35   Football Club de Sochaux-Montbéliard   30  22   4   4   94-36  48
1935/36 D Racing Club de Paris                   30  20   4   6   81-45  44
1936/37   Olympique de Marseille                 30  17   4   9   69-39  38
1937/38   Football Club de Sochaux-Montbéliard   30  18   8   4   69-26  44
1938/39   Football Club de Sète                  30  19   4   7   65-36  42

War Champions

1939/40 * Football Club Rouen (North), Girondins A.S.P. (South)
1940/41   Red Star Olympique Audonien (North), Olympique de Marseille (South)
1941/42   Stade de Reims (North), Football Club de Sète (South)
1942/43   Racing Club de Lens (North), Toulouse Football Club (South)
1943/44   Lens-Artois (Federal teams Championship partly unfinished)
1944/45** Football Club de Rouen 

1944-45   Rouen (North), Lyon (South); Final: Rouen 4-0 Lyon (June 17, 1945)

League Champions (resumed)

1945/46 D Lille Olympique Sporting Club          34  19   7   8   89-44  45  
1946/47   Club Olympique de Roubaix-Tourcoing    38  24   5   9   71-47  53
1947/48   Olympique de Marseille                 34  20   8   6   83-43  48
1948/49   Stade de Reims                         34  22   4   8   90-54  48
1949/50   Girondins A.S.P. de Bordeaux           34  21   9   4   88-40  51
1950/51   Olympique Gymnaste Club de Nice        34  18   5  11   73-46  41
1951/52 D Olympique Gymnaste Club de Nice        34  21   4   9   65-42  46
1952/53   Stade de Reims                         34  22   4   8   86-36  48
1953/54   Lille Olympique Sporting Club          34  17  13   4   49-22  47  
1954/55   Stade de Reims                         34  19   6   9   78-53  44
1955/56   Olympique Gymnaste Club de Nice        34  18   7   9   60-43  43
1956/57   Association Sportive de Saint-Étienne  34  20   9   5   88-45  49
1957/58 D Stade de Reims                         34  22   4   8   89-42  48
1958/59   Olympique Gymnaste Club de Nice        38  24   8   6   80-38  56
1959/60   Stade de Reims                         38  26   8   4  109-46  60
1960/61   Association Sportive de Monaco         38  26   5   7   77-42  57
1961/62   Stade de Reims                         38  21   6  11   83-60  48
1962/63 D Association Sportive de Monaco         38  20  10   8   77-44  50
1963/64   Association Sportive de Saint-Étienne  34  18   8   8   71-47  44
1964/65   Football Club de Nantes                34  16  11   7   66-45  43
1965/66   Football Club de Nantes                38  26   8   4   84-36  60
1966/67   Association Sportive de Saint-Étienne  38  24   6   8   82-37  54
1967/68 T Association Sportive de Saint-Étienne  38  24   9   5   78-30  57
1968/69   Association Sportive de Saint-Étienne  34  24   5   5   70-26  53
1969/70 T Association Sportive de Saint-Étienne  34  25   6   3   88-30  56
1970/71   Olympique de Marseille                 38  23   9   6   94-48  55
1971/72 T Olympique de Marseille                 38  24   8   6   78-37  56
1972/73   Football Club de Nantes                38  23   9   6   67-31  55
1973/74 D Association Sportive de Saint-Étienne  38  23   9   6   74-40  66 (11 bonus points) 
1974/75 D Association Sportive de Saint-Étienne  38  23   6   9   70-30  58  (6 bonus points)
1975/76   Association Sportive de Saint-Étienne  38  18  15   5   68-39  57  (6 bonus points)
1976/77   Football Club de Nantes                38  25   8   5   80-40  58
1977/78   Association Sportive de Monaco         38  22   9   7   79-46  53
1978/79   Racing Club de Strasbourg              38  22  12   4   68-28  56
1979/80   Football Club de Nantes                38  26   5   7   76-30  57
1980/81   Association Sportive de Saint-Étienne  38  23  11   4   68-26  57
1981/82   Association Sportive de Monaco         38  24   7   7   70-29  55
1982/83   Football Club de Nantes                38  24  10   4   77-29  58
1983/84   Girondins de Bordeaux F.C.             38  23   8   7   72-33  54
1984/85   Girondins de Bordeaux F.C.             38  25   9   4   70-27  59
1985/86   Paris Saint-Germain Football Club      38  23  10   5   66-33  56
1986/87 T Girondins de Bordeaux F.C.             38  20  13   5   57-27  53
1987/88   Association Sportive de Monaco         38  20  12   6   53-29  52
1988/89 D Olympique de Marseille                 38  20  13   5   56-35  73
1989/90   Olympique de Marseille                 38  22   9   7   75-34  53
1990/91   Olympique de Marseille                 38  22  11   5   67-28  55
1991/92   Olympique de Marseille                 38  23  12   3   67-21  58
1992/93     title not awarded (see below)
1993/94   Paris Saint-Germain Football Club      38  24  11   3   54-22  59
1994/95   Football Club de Nantes                38  21  16   1   71-34  79
1995/96 D Association de la Jeunesse Auxerroise  38  22   6  10   66-30  72
1996/97   Association Sportive de Monaco         38  23  10   5   69-30  79
1997/98   Racing Club de Lens                    34  21   5   8   55-30  58
1998/99   Girondins de Bordeaux F.C.             34  22   6   6   66-29  72
1999/00   Association Sportive de Monaco         34  20   5   9   69-38  65 
2000/01   Football Club de Nantes                34  21   5   8   58-36  68
2001/02   Olympique de Lyon                      34  20   6   8   62-32  66
2002/03   Olympique de Lyon                      38  19  11   8   63-41  68
2003/04   Olympique de Lyon                      38  24   7   7   64-26  79 
2004/05   Olympique de Lyon                      38  22  13   3   56-22  79    
2005/06   Olympique de Lyon                      38  25   9   4   73-31  84
2006/07   Olympique de Lyon                      38  24   9   5   64-27  81
2007/08 D Olympique de Lyon                      38  24   7   7   74-37  79
2008/09   Girondins de Bordeaux F.C.             38  24   8   6   64-34  80
2009/10   Olympique de Marseille                 38  23   9   6   69-36  78 
2010/11 D Lille Olympique Sporting Club          38  21  13   4   68-36  76
2011/12   Montpellier H.S.C.                     38  25   7   6   68-34  82
2012/13   Paris Saint-Germain Football Club      38  25   8   5   69-23  83
2013/14  

# : the records of Olympique Lillois in 1932-1933 do not include the League 
    championship final on May 14th 1933 :
    Olympique Lillois 4-3 Association Sportive de Cannes (after extra-time)

D : season when the champion achieved a "double" (League + National Cup).

T : season when the champion achieved a "triple" (League + National Cup +
    Challenge des Champions or Super Cup). Since 1995, a "triple" would 
    concern the League + National Cup + League Cup and even since 1996 a 
    "quadruple" with the Trophée des Champions is possible. 

* : South Zone Final :
    Girondins A.S.P. (South-West) 3–0 Olympique Gymnaste Club de Nice (South-East) 
    The final between North and South Zones champions, which was planned, 
    could not be held because of the German invasion.

**: League Championship Final, on June 17th 1945 at Colombes stadium :
    Football Club de Rouen (North) 4–0 Lyon Olympique Universitaire (South)
    (the football section of Lyon Olympique Universitaire left the club in 
     May 1950 to become professional and was named Olympique Lyonnais).

Note on different Lille clubs :
    Olympique Lillois and Iris Club Lillois merged into Olympique Iris Club 
    Lillois in 1941, which in turn merged with Sporting Club de Fives into 
    Lille Olympique Sporting Club in 1944. 

Note on the different Parisian Racing Clubs :
    The Racing Club de France is an amateur club, so when French football chose 
    a truly professional way in 1932, the football section of the Parisan club
    changed the name to Racing Club de Paris.  However, a clear affiliation has 
    always existed between the two Racing Clubs.

Note on 1992/93 :
    Olympique de Marseille technically won the League, but their title was
    withdrawn when it appeared the May 20th match versus the low-ranked 
    U.S. Valenciennes-Anzin had been fixed (six days before Olympique's 
    U.E.F.A. Champions' League title).  Consequently, third ranked A.S. Monaco 
    was designated to play in the U.E.F.A. Champions' League because second 
    ranked Paris Saint-Germain F.C. declined as Cup winner.  Milan  A.C. 
    replaced Olympique de Marseille in the Toyota Cup and European Super Cup. 
    After further investigations, Olmpique de Marseille were demoted to 
    Division 2 for the 1994/95 season.


Number of Titles (74)


NB: only includes professional league championships.  There are various ways
    to add championships before 1932 and/or war-time titles, depending on 
    which championships one decides to recognise as 'official'.  It may be
    noted here that FIFA recognised U.S.F.S.A. (1904-07) and C.F.I. (1908-12) 
    as the unique French representative federation.  Nevertheless, these
    titles are not added here.

10 Association Sportive de Saint-Étienne

 9 Olympique de Marseille

 8 Football Club de Nantes

 7 Association Sportive de Monaco
   Olympique de Lyon 
 
 6 Stade de Reims
   Girondins de Bordeaux

 4 Olympique Gymnaste Club de Nice

 3 Lille Olympique Sporting Club  
   Football Club de Paris Saint-Germain

 2 Football Club de Sochaux-Montbéliard
   Football Club de Sète 
   
 1 Olympique Lillois 
   Montpellier Hérault Sport Club
   Racing Club de Paris
   Club Olympique de Roubaix-Tourcoing
   Racing Club de Strasbourg 
   Association de la Jeunesse Auxerroise
   Racing Club de Lens


League-and-Cup doubles

 4 Association Sportive de Saint-Étienne

 2 Lille Olympique Sporting Club
   Olympique de Marseille

 1 Football Club de Sète
   Racing Club de Paris
   Association Sportive de Monaco
   Olympique Gymnaste Club de Nice
   Stade de Reims
   Girondins de Bordeaux Football Club
   Association de la Jeunesse Auxerroise
   Olympique de Lyon 

Triples (League, Cup and Super Cup)

 2 Association Sportive de Saint-Étienne

 1 Olympique de Marseille
   Girondins de Bordeaux Football Club


Current structure of the French Championships

At the top of French football is of course the professional French League, 
which includes Ligue 1 (L1) and Ligue 2 (L2). The teams in these top two 
levels are fully professional. They also take part in the League Cup, called 
"Coupe de la Ligue". Note that "Ligue" (with a capital L) is the association 
of all the professional clubs. It is the body that rules and organizes L1 and 
L2 competitions.

Below the French League are three national levels: National, CFA, CFA 2.

After the national levels come the regional levels. There are 22 regions in 
mainland France, plus 9 regions for the Overseas Territories (Guadeloupe, 
Martinique, Guyane, Reunion, Nouvelle-Calédonie, Polynésie, Wallis-et-Futuna, 
St-Pierre-et-Miquelon, Mayotte). Each region is called a "ligue". Note this 
is also the name of the ruling body of each region.
Each ligue championship includes 3 regionally organized levels. Level 1 is 
called Division d'Honneur (DH). Depending on the regions, level 2 is called 
either Promotion d'Honneur (PH) or Division d'Honneur Régional (DHR). 
Eventually, level 3 may be called Promotion de Ligue (PL), Promotion d'Honneur 
(PH) or Division Régionale (DR). The usual combinations are DH-PH-PL or 
DH-DHR-PH. The winner of each DH in mainland France is promoted to CFA 2.


About this document

Sources :

Vélo, L'Auto, L'Équipe (sport papers), 
La Petite Gironde (Bordeaux, local newspaper),
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Ch. Goudoin and Jordan, Le Football, Paris, Éditions Pierre Lafitte et Compagnie,
  1910.
P. Delaunay, J. de Ryswick, J. Cornu and D. Vermand, 100 ans de football en
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Dictionnaire historique des clubs de football français, Tome 1 : Abbeville -
  Montpellier, Paris, éditions Pages de Foot, May 1999, 254 pages
Dictionnaire historique des clubs de football français, Tome 2 : Mulhouse –
  White Rovers, Paris, éditions Pages de Foot, November 1999, 251 pages.
Ph-D (thesis) :
 Jean-Pierre Bodis, Rugby, politique et société dans le monde, des origines du
 jeu à nos jours (1972) : étude comparée, Tomes 1 à 6, Bibliothèque de l'Université
 de Toulouse-Le Mirail, 1986, 2 439 typed pages.
Universitary works : 
 Jean-Paul Callède, Histoire du sport en France, du Stade Bordelais au SBUC 
   1889-1939, Talence, Maison des sciences de l'homme d'Aquitaine, 1993, 211 pages.
 Alfred Wahl, Archives du football, sport et société en France (1880-1980), Paris,
   Gallimard-Julliard, collection « Archives », 1989, 354 pages.
Conference :
 Jean-Louis Gay-Lescot, « Léo Lagrange et Jean Borotra, convergence et divergence
   de deux politiques sportives (1936-1942) », pages 241 to 253 in Jeux et Sports
   dans l'histoire, Tome 1, Associations et politiques, Paris, éditions Comité des
   Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques, Ministère de l'Éducation Nationale et de
   la Culture, Actes du 116e congrès national des sociétés savantes (Chambéry 1991),
   1992.

Prepared and maintained by François Mazet and Frédéric Pauron for the Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation

Authors: François Mazet and Frédéric Pauron (fpauron@hotmail.com)
Last updated: 15 Aug 2013

(C) Copyright François Mazet, Frédéric Pauron and RSSSF 1995/2013
You are free to copy this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All rights reserved.